Informal Regulation of Industrial Pollution in Developing Countries: Evidence from Indonesia
When formal regulation is weak or absent, communities often use other channels to induce pollution abatement by local factories in a process of 'informal regulation.' The resulting 'pollution equilibrium' reflects the relative bargaining power of the community and the plant. This note uses Indonesian data from 1989-90 on plant-level organic water pollution to test the informal regulation hypothesis. Copyright 1996 by University of Chicago Press.
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