IDEAS home Printed from https://ideas.repec.org/a/eee/streco/v51y2019icp270-283.html
   My bibliography  Save this article

Exchange rate dynamics, balance sheet effects, and capital flows. A Minskyan model of emerging market boom-bust cycles

Author

Listed:
  • Kohler, Karsten

Abstract

The paper provides a Minskyan open economy model of endogenous boom-bust cycles in emerging market economies, which explains the empirically observed procyclicality of exchange rates and the countercyclicality of the trade balance. It highlights the interaction of flexible exchange rate dynamics with balance sheets. Currency appreciation improves the net worth of firms with foreign currency debt, giving a boost to investment. Throughout the boom phase, the trade balance worsens. Pressures on the domestic exchange rate mount until the currency depreciates. Contractionary balance sheet effects then set in as domestic firms face a drop in their net worth. If capital inflows are driven by exogenous risk appetite, fluctuations can assume the form of shock-independent endogenous cycles. An increase in risk appetite raises the volatility of the cycle. Financial account regulation can reduce macroeconomic volatility, but the larger the risk appetite, the more financial account regulation is required to achieve this.

Suggested Citation

  • Kohler, Karsten, 2019. "Exchange rate dynamics, balance sheet effects, and capital flows. A Minskyan model of emerging market boom-bust cycles," Structural Change and Economic Dynamics, Elsevier, vol. 51(C), pages 270-283.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:streco:v:51:y:2019:i:c:p:270-283
    DOI: 10.1016/j.strueco.2019.09.006
    as

    Download full text from publisher

    File URL: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0954349X19300621
    Download Restriction: Full text for ScienceDirect subscribers only

    File URL: https://libkey.io/10.1016/j.strueco.2019.09.006?utm_source=ideas
    LibKey link: if access is restricted and if your library uses this service, LibKey will redirect you to where you can use your library subscription to access this item
    ---><---

    As the access to this document is restricted, you may want to look for a different version below or search for a different version of it.

    Other versions of this item:

    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Barry Eichengreen & Ricardo Hausmann & Ugo Panizza, 2007. "Currency Mismatches, Debt Intolerance, and the Original Sin: Why They Are Not the Same and Why It Matters," NBER Chapters, in: Capital Controls and Capital Flows in Emerging Economies: Policies, Practices, and Consequences, pages 121-170, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    2. Charpe,Matthieu & Chiarella,Carl & Flaschel,Peter & Semmler,Willi, 2015. "Financial Assets, Debt and Liquidity Crises," Cambridge Books, Cambridge University Press, number 9781107546660, November.
    3. Martin Schneider & Aaron Tornell, 2004. "Balance Sheet Effects, Bailout Guarantees and Financial Crises," The Review of Economic Studies, Review of Economic Studies Ltd, vol. 71(3), pages 883-913.
    4. Montecino, Juan Antonio, 2018. "Capital controls and the real exchange rate: Do controls promote disequilibria?," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 114(C), pages 80-95.
    5. Domenico Delli Gatti & Mauro Gallegati & Bruce C. Greenwald & Joseph E. Stiglitz, 2007. "Net Worth, Exchange Rates, and Monetary Policy: The Effects of a Devaluation in a Financially Fragile Environment," NBER Working Papers 13244, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    6. Ocampo, Jose Antonio & Stiglitz, Joseph E. (ed.), 2008. "Capital Market Liberalization and Development," OUP Catalogue, Oxford University Press, number 9780199238446, Decembrie.
    7. Philip Arestis, 2002. "Financial crisis in Southeast Asia: dispelling illusion the Minskyan way," Cambridge Journal of Economics, Cambridge Political Economy Society, vol. 26(2), pages 237-260, March.
    8. Calderón, César & Fuentes, J. Rodrigo, 2014. "Have business cycles changed over the last two decades? An empirical investigation," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 109(C), pages 98-123.
    9. Julio López Gallardo & Juan Carlos Moreno‐Brid & Martín Puchet Anyul, 2006. "Financial Fragility And Financial Crisis In Mexico," Metroeconomica, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 57(3), pages 365-388, July.
    10. Stiglitz, Joseph & Ocampo, Jose Antonio & Spiegel, Shari & Ffrench-Davis, Ricardo & Nayyar, Deepak, 2006. "Stability with Growth: Macroeconomics, Liberalization and Development," OUP Catalogue, Oxford University Press, number 9780199288144, Decembrie.
    11. Carmen M. Reinhart & Vincent R. Reinhart, 2009. "Capital Flow Bonanzas: An Encompassing View of the Past and Present," NBER International Seminar on Macroeconomics, University of Chicago Press, vol. 5(1), pages 9-62.
    12. Robert A. Blecker & Arslan Razmi, 2008. "The fallacy of composition and contractionary devaluations: output effects of real exchange rate shocks in semi-industrialised countries," Cambridge Journal of Economics, Cambridge Political Economy Society, vol. 32(1), pages 83-109, January.
    13. Atish R Ghosh & Jonathan D Ostry & Mahvash S Qureshi, 2015. "Exchange Rate Management and Crisis Susceptibility: A Reassessment," IMF Economic Review, Palgrave Macmillan;International Monetary Fund, vol. 63(1), pages 238-276, May.
    14. Luis Felipe Céspedes & Roberto Chang & Andrés Velasco, 2004. "Balance Sheets and Exchange Rate Policy," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 94(4), pages 1183-1193, September.
    15. Rogerio Andrade & Daniela Prates, 2013. "Exchange rate dynamics in a peripheral monetary economy," Journal of Post Keynesian Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 35(3), pages 399-416.
    16. Eduardo F Bastian & Mark Setterfield, 2020. "Nominal exchange rate shocks and inflation in an open economy: towards a structuralist inflation targeting agenda," Cambridge Journal of Economics, Cambridge Political Economy Society, vol. 44(6), pages 1271-1299.
    17. Federici, Daniela & Gandolfo, Giancarlo, 2012. "The Euro/Dollar exchange rate: Chaotic or non-chaotic? A continuous time model with heterogeneous beliefs," Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control, Elsevier, vol. 36(4), pages 670-681.
    18. Galindo, Arturo & Panizza, Ugo & Schiantarelli, Fabio, 2003. "Debt composition and balance sheet effects of currency depreciation: a summary of the micro evidence," Emerging Markets Review, Elsevier, vol. 4(4), pages 330-339, December.
    19. Jonathan D Ostry & Atish R Ghosh & Marcos Chamon & Mahvash S Qureshi, 2011. "Capital Controls: When and Why?," IMF Economic Review, Palgrave Macmillan;International Monetary Fund, vol. 59(3), pages 562-580, August.
    20. Maria Nikolaidi & Engelbert Stockhammer, 2017. "Minsky Models: A Structured Survey," Journal of Economic Surveys, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 31(5), pages 1304-1331, December.
    21. Korinek, Anton, 2011. "Foreign currency debt, risk premia and macroeconomic volatility," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 55(3), pages 371-385, April.
    22. Roberto Frenkel & Martin Rapetti, 2009. "A developing country view of the current global crisis: what should not be forgotten and what should be done," Cambridge Journal of Economics, Cambridge Political Economy Society, vol. 33(4), pages 685-702, July.
    23. Amit Bhaduri, 2003. "Selling the family silver or privatization for capital inflows: the dual dynamics of the balance of payments and the exchange rate," Chapters, in: Amitava Krishna Dutt (ed.), Development Economics and Structuralist Macroeconomics, chapter 9, Edward Elgar Publishing.
    24. Manuel R. Agosin & Franklin Huaita, 2011. "Capital flows to emerging economies: Minsky in the tropics," Cambridge Journal of Economics, Cambridge Political Economy Society, vol. 35(4), pages 663-683.
    25. Alberto Botta, 2017. "Dutch Disease-cum-financialization booms and external balance cycles in developing countries," Brazilian Journal of Political Economy, Center of Political Economy, vol. 37(3), pages 459-477.
    26. Jeffrey Frankel & Christopher Pissarides, 2009. "NBER International Seminar on Macroeconomics 2008," NBER Books, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc, number fran08-1, January.
    27. Agenor, Pierre-Richard & McDermott, C John & Prasad, Eswar S, 2000. "Macroeconomic Fluctuations in Developing Countries: Some Stylized Facts," The World Bank Economic Review, World Bank, vol. 14(2), pages 251-285, May.
    28. Eduardo F Bastian & Mark Setterfield, 0. "Nominal exchange rate shocks and inflation in an open economy: towards a structuralist inflation targeting agenda," Cambridge Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 44(6), pages 1271-1299.
    29. Nikolaidi, Maria, 2014. "Margins of safety and instability in a macrodynamic model with Minskyan insights," Structural Change and Economic Dynamics, Elsevier, vol. 31(C), pages 1-16.
    30. Jonathan Kearns & Nikhil Patel, 2016. "Does the financial channel of exchange rates offset the trade channel?," BIS Quarterly Review, Bank for International Settlements, December.
    31. Sebastien Charles, 2008. "A Post-Keynesian Model of Accumulation with a Minskyan Financial Structure," Review of Political Economy, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 20(3), pages 319-331.
    32. Rey, Hélène, 2015. "Dilemma not Trilemma: The Global Financial Cycle and Monetary Policy Independence," CEPR Discussion Papers 10591, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
    33. John Williamson, 2005. "Curbing the Boom-Bust Cycle: Stabilizing Capital Flows to Emerging Markets," Peterson Institute Press: All Books, Peterson Institute for International Economics, number pa75.
    34. Jan A. Kregel, 1998. "Yes, 'It' Did Happen Again: A Minsky Crisis Happened in Asia," Economics Working Paper Archive wp_234, Levy Economics Institute.
    35. Luiz Fernando de Paula & Barbara Fritz & Daniela M. Prates, 2017. "Keynes at the periphery: Currency hierarchy and challenges for economic policy in emerging economies," Journal of Post Keynesian Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 40(2), pages 183-202, April.
    36. Paul Krugman, 1999. "Balance Sheets, the Transfer Problem, and Financial Crises," International Tax and Public Finance, Springer;International Institute of Public Finance, vol. 6(4), pages 459-472, November.
    37. Moritz Cruz & Edmund Amann & Bernard Walters, 2006. "Expectations, the business cycle and the Mexican peso crisis," Cambridge Journal of Economics, Cambridge Political Economy Society, vol. 30(5), pages 701-722, September.
    38. Roberto Frenkel, 2006. "An alternative to inflation targeting in Latin America: macroeconomic policies focused on employment," Journal of Post Keynesian Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 28(4), pages 573-591.
    39. Cordella, Tito & Gupta, Poonam, 2015. "What makes a currency procyclical? An empirical investigation," Journal of International Money and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 55(C), pages 240-259.
    40. Lance Taylor, 2001. "Capital Market Crises: Liberalization, Fixed Exchange Rates and Market-Driven Destabilization," Palgrave Macmillan Books, in: Ha-Joon Chang & Gabriel Palma & D. Hugh Whittaker (ed.), Financial Liberalization and the Asian Crisis, chapter 3, pages 21-39, Palgrave Macmillan.
    41. Proaño, Christian R., 2011. "Exchange rate determination, macroeconomic dynamics and stability under heterogeneous behavioral FX expectations," Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization, Elsevier, vol. 77(2), pages 177-188, February.
    42. Annina Kaltenbrunner & Juan Pablo Painceira, 2015. "Developing countries’ changing nature of financial integration and new forms of external vulnerability: the Brazilian experience," Cambridge Journal of Economics, Cambridge Political Economy Society, vol. 39(5), pages 1281-1306.
    43. Rafael Saulo Marques Ribeiro & John S. L. McCombie & Gilberto Tadeu Lima, 2017. "Some unpleasant currency-devaluation arithmetic in a post Keynesian macromodel," Journal of Post Keynesian Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 40(2), pages 145-167, April.
    44. Amitava Krishna Dutt (ed.), 2003. "Development Economics and Structuralist Macroeconomics," Books, Edward Elgar Publishing, number 2658.
    45. Annina Kaltenbrunner, 2015. "A post Keynesian framework of exchange rate determination: a Minskyan approach," Journal of Post Keynesian Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 38(3), pages 426-448, October.
    46. Karsten Kohler, 2017. "Currency devaluations, aggregate demand, and debt dynamics in economies with foreign currency liabilities," Journal of Post Keynesian Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 40(4), pages 487-511, October.
    47. Mohsen Bahmani & Hanafiah Harvey & Scott W. Hegerty, 2013. "Empirical tests of the Marshall‐Lerner condition: a literature review," Journal of Economic Studies, Emerald Group Publishing Limited, vol. 40(3), pages 411-443, July.
    48. Stockhammer, Engelbert & Calvert Jump, Robert & Kohler, Karsten & Cavallero, Julian, 2019. "Short and medium term financial-real cycles: An empirical assessment," Journal of International Money and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 94(C), pages 81-96.
    49. Erlend Nier & Tahsin Saadi Sedik & Tomas Mondino, 2014. "Gross Private Capital Flows to Emerging Markets: Can the Global Financial Cycle Be Tamed?," IMF Working Papers 2014/196, International Monetary Fund.
    50. John T. Harvey, 2010. "Modeling financial crises: a schematic approach," Journal of Post Keynesian Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 33(1), pages 61-82, October.
    51. Michael Chui & Emese Kuruc & Philip Turner, 2018. "Leverage and currency mismatches: Non‐financial companies in the emerging markets," The World Economy, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 41(12), pages 3269-3287, December.
    52. Mohsen Bahmani & Hanafiah Harvey & Scott W. Hegerty, 2013. "Empirical tests of the Marshall-Lerner condition: a literature review," Journal of Economic Studies, Emerald Group Publishing, vol. 40(3), pages 411-443, May.
    53. Yannis Dafermos, 2018. "Debt cycles, instability and fiscal rules: a Godley–Minsky synthesis," Cambridge Journal of Economics, Cambridge Political Economy Society, vol. 42(5), pages 1277-1313.
    54. Gabriel Palma, 2001. "Three-and-a-half Cycles of ‘Mania, Panic, and [Asymmetric] Crash’: East Asia and Latin America Compared," Palgrave Macmillan Books, in: Ha-Joon Chang & Gabriel Palma & D. Hugh Whittaker (ed.), Financial Liberalization and the Asian Crisis, chapter 15, pages 254-286, Palgrave Macmillan.
    55. Feyen,Erik H.B. & Ghosh,Swati R. & Kibuuka,Katie & Farazi,Subika, 2015. "Global liquidity and external bond issuance in emerging markets and developing economies," Policy Research Working Paper Series 7363, The World Bank.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    Citations

    Citations are extracted by the CitEc Project, subscribe to its RSS feed for this item.
    as


    Cited by:

    1. Botta, Alberto & Porcile, Gabriel & Spinola, Danilo & Yajima, Giuliano Toshiro, 2023. "Financial integration, productive development and fiscal policy space in developing countries," Structural Change and Economic Dynamics, Elsevier, vol. 66(C), pages 175-188.
    2. Gräbner-Radkowitsch, Claudius & Heimberger, Philipp & Kapeller, Jakob & Landesmann, Michael & Schütz, Bernhard, 2022. "The evolution of debtor-creditor relationships within a monetary union: Trade imbalances, excess reserves and economic policy," Structural Change and Economic Dynamics, Elsevier, vol. 62(C), pages 262-289.
    3. Filippo Gusella & Engelbert Stockhammer, 2021. "Testing fundamentalist–momentum trader financial cycles: An empirical analysis via the Kalman filter," Metroeconomica, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 72(4), pages 758-797, November.
    4. Karsten Kohler & Engelbert Stockhammer, 2023. "Flexible exchange rates in emerging markets: shock absorbers or drivers of endogenous cycles?," Industrial and Corporate Change, Oxford University Press and the Associazione ICC, vol. 32(2), pages 551-572.
    5. Bernhard Schuetz, 2022. "Investment booms, diverging competitiveness and wage growth within a monetary union: An AB-SFC model," ICAE Working Papers 138, Johannes Kepler University, Institute for Comprehensive Analysis of the Economy.
    6. Kadırgan, Can, 2023. "Exchange rate driven balance sheet effect and capital flows to emerging market economies," The Quarterly Review of Economics and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 87(C), pages 35-45.
    7. Engelbert Stockhammer, 2023. "Macroeconomic ingredients for a growth model analysis for peripheral economies: a post-Keynesian-structuralist approach," New Political Economy, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 28(4), pages 628-645, July.
    8. Mehmet Ulug & Sayım Işık & Mehmet Mert, 2023. "The effectiveness of ultra-loose monetary policy in a high inflation economy: a time-varying causality analysis for Turkey," Economic Change and Restructuring, Springer, vol. 56(4), pages 2855-2887, August.
    9. Benjamin Jungmann, 2023. "Growth drivers in emerging capitalist economies: building blocks for a post-Keynesian analysis and an empirical exploration of the years before and after the Global Financial Crisis," Review of Evolutionary Political Economy, Springer, vol. 4(2), pages 349-386, July.

    Most related items

    These are the items that most often cite the same works as this one and are cited by the same works as this one.
    1. Karsten Kohler & Engelbert Stockhammer, 2023. "Flexible exchange rates in emerging markets: shock absorbers or drivers of endogenous cycles?," Industrial and Corporate Change, Oxford University Press and the Associazione ICC, vol. 32(2), pages 551-572.
    2. Köhler, Karsten, 2016. "Currency devaluations, aggregate demand, and debt dynamics in an economy with foreign currency liabilities," IPE Working Papers 78/2016, Berlin School of Economics and Law, Institute for International Political Economy (IPE).
    3. Botta, Alberto & Porcile, Gabriel & Spinola, Danilo & Yajima, Giuliano Toshiro, 2023. "Financial integration, productive development and fiscal policy space in developing countries," Structural Change and Economic Dynamics, Elsevier, vol. 66(C), pages 175-188.
    4. Lorenzo Nalin & Giuliano Toshiro Yajima, 2020. "Balance Sheet Effects of a Currency Devaluation: A Stock-Flow Consistent Framework for Mexico?," Economics Working Paper Archive wp_980, Levy Economics Institute.
    5. Bruno Bonizzi, 2017. "International financialisation, developing countries and the contradictions of privatised Keynesianism," Economic and Political Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 5(1), pages 21-40, January.
    6. Thomas Goda & Jan Priewe, 2020. "Determinants of real exchange rate movements in 15 emerging market economies," Brazilian Journal of Political Economy, Center of Political Economy, vol. 40(2), pages 214-237.
    7. Antoine GODIN & Sakir-Devrim YILMAZ, 2020. "Modelling Small Open Developing Economies in a Financialized World: A Stock-Flow Consistent Prototype Growth Model," Working Paper 5eb7e0e8-560f-4ce6-91a5-5, Agence française de développement.
    8. Stijn Claessens & M Ayhan Kose, 2018. "Frontiers of macrofinancial linkages," BIS Papers, Bank for International Settlements, number 95.
    9. Kohler, Karsten & Bonizzi, Bruno & Kaltenbrunner, Annina, 2023. "Global financial uncertainty shocks and external monetary vulnerability: The role of dominance, exposure, and history," Journal of International Financial Markets, Institutions and Money, Elsevier, vol. 88(C).
    10. Alberto Botta & Giuliano Toshiro Yajima & Gabriel Porcile, 2023. "Structural change, productive development, and capital flows: does financial “bonanza” cause premature deindustrialization?," Industrial and Corporate Change, Oxford University Press and the Associazione ICC, vol. 32(2), pages 433-473.
    11. Cheng, Gong, 2015. "Balance sheet effects, foreign reserves and public policies," Journal of International Money and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 59(C), pages 146-165.
    12. Cuadra, Gabriel & Menna, Lorenzo, 2019. "Capital flows and the business cycle," Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control, Elsevier, vol. 106(C), pages 1-1.
    13. Raquel A Ramos, 2017. "The Fragility of Emerging Currencies Since the 2000s: a Minskyan Analysis," CEPN Working Papers hal-01619118, HAL.
    14. Botta, Alberto & Spinola, Danilo & Yajima, Giuliano & Porcile, Gabriel, 2023. "Pasinetti, Debt Sustainability and (Green) Structural Change at the Time of Global Finance: An Emerging and Developing Countries’ Perspective," CAFE Working Papers 25, Centre for Accountancy, Finance and Economics (CAFE), Birmingham City Business School, Birmingham City University.
    15. Maria Nikolaidi, 2017. "Three decades of modelling Minsky: what we have learned and the way forward," European Journal of Economics and Economic Policies: Intervention, Edward Elgar Publishing, vol. 14(2), pages 222-237, September.
    16. Guizzo, Danielle & Strachman, Eduardo & Dalto, Fabiano & Feijo, Carmem, 2018. "Financialisation and Development: how can emerging economies catch up?," MPRA Paper 87076, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    17. Raquel A Ramos, 2017. "The Fragility of Emerging Currencies Since the 2000s: a Minskyan Analysis," Working Papers hal-01619118, HAL.
    18. Engelbert Stockhammer & Giorgos Gouzoulis & Rob Calvert Jump, 2019. "Debt-driven business cycles in historical perspective: The cases of the USA (1889-2015) and UK (1882-2010)," Working Papers PKWP1907, Post Keynesian Economics Society (PKES).
    19. Caballero, Julián, 2021. "Corporate dollar debt and depreciations: All’s well that ends well?," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 130(C).
    20. Andrew van Hulten & Michael Webber, 2010. "Do developing countries need 'good' institutions and policies and deep financial markets to benefit from capital account liberalization?," Journal of Economic Geography, Oxford University Press, vol. 10(2), pages 283-319, March.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Business cycles; Emerging market economies; Balance sheet effects; Minsky;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • E11 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - General Aggregative Models - - - Marxian; Sraffian; Kaleckian
    • E12 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - General Aggregative Models - - - Keynes; Keynesian; Post-Keynesian; Modern Monetary Theory
    • F36 - International Economics - - International Finance - - - Financial Aspects of Economic Integration
    • F41 - International Economics - - Macroeconomic Aspects of International Trade and Finance - - - Open Economy Macroeconomics

    Statistics

    Access and download statistics

    Corrections

    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:eee:streco:v:51:y:2019:i:c:p:270-283. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    If CitEc recognized a bibliographic reference but did not link an item in RePEc to it, you can help with this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: Catherine Liu (email available below). General contact details of provider: http://www.elsevier.com/locate/inca/525148 .

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service. RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.