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Buffer capital in microfinance institutions

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  • Tchakoute Tchuigoua, Hubert

Abstract

The objective of the study is to examine the drivers of the buffer capital held by microfinance institutions, with particular emphasis on competition and its asset side effects, specifically loan portfolio quality and lending approaches. We also investigate whether competition and its asset side effects depend on whether the microfinance institution collects deposits or not or whether the institution is better capitalized or not. Except for deposit-taking MFI subsample, findings provide supportive evidence for the competition's pricing and monitoring incentive effects. Loan portfolio quality and MFI size are negatively related to buffer capital. Moral hazard in microcredit markets is likely to affect equity levels held by microfinance institutions. At the lower quantile (undercapitalized MFIs), market concentration is associated with larger buffer capital. Findings are robust to alternative measures of buffer capital and competition.

Suggested Citation

  • Tchakoute Tchuigoua, Hubert, 2016. "Buffer capital in microfinance institutions," Journal of Business Research, Elsevier, vol. 69(9), pages 3523-3537.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:jbrese:v:69:y:2016:i:9:p:3523-3537
    DOI: 10.1016/j.jbusres.2016.01.034
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    Cited by:

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    3. Fall, François & Akim, Al-mouksit & Wassongma, Harouna, 2018. "DEA and SFA research on the efficiency of microfinance institutions: A meta-analysis," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 107(C), pages 176-188.
    4. Magloire Nya Tchatchoua & Isabelle Pignatel & Hubert Tchakoute Tchuigoua, 2019. "What type of microfinance institutions comply with International Financial Reporting Standards?," Working Papers CEB 19-012, ULB -- Universite Libre de Bruxelles.
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    6. Tchakoute-Tchuigoua, Hubert & Soumaré, Issouf, 2019. "The effect of loan approval decentralization on microfinance institutions' outreach and loan portfolio quality," Journal of Business Research, Elsevier, vol. 94(C), pages 1-17.
    7. Soumaré, Issouf & Tchakoute Tchuigoua, Hubert & Hessou, Hélyoth T.S., 2020. "Are microfinance institutions resilient to economic slowdown? Evidence from their capital ratio adjustment over the business cycle," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 92(C), pages 1-22.
    8. Ernest Gyapong & Daniel Gyimah & Ammad Ahmed, 2021. "Religiosity, borrower gender and loan losses in microfinance institutions: a global evidence," Review of Quantitative Finance and Accounting, Springer, vol. 57(2), pages 657-692, August.
    9. Md Aslam Mia & Hasanul Banna & Abu Hanifa Md Noman & Md Rabiul Alam & Md. Sohel Rana, 2022. "Factors affecting borrowers’ turnover in microfinance institutions: A panel evidence," Annals of Public and Cooperative Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 93(1), pages 55-84, March.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Information asymmetries; Competition; Risks; Buffer capital; Microfinance;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • G21 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Banks; Other Depository Institutions; Micro Finance Institutions; Mortgages
    • G24 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Investment Banking; Venture Capital; Brokerage
    • G32 - Financial Economics - - Corporate Finance and Governance - - - Financing Policy; Financial Risk and Risk Management; Capital and Ownership Structure; Value of Firms; Goodwill

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