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The more the Merrier? The reaction of euro area stock markets to new members

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  • Grigaliuniene, Zana
  • Celov, Dmitrij
  • Hartwell, Christopher A.

Abstract

The adoption of the euro is a crucial turning point for the economy of any EU member and the culmination of a long process of exchange rate management and macroeconomic convergence. But how does the prospect of euro area enlargement play out in the countries that have already adopted the euro? Are new members seen as a way to expand the club of like-minded countries, or are they perceived as a threat to stability, either because there exists a moral hazard risk from the side of old members to adopt riskier behavior on behalf of new members or vice versa? This paper looks at the effects of the news of the euro’s adoption event in new members on the stock returns of nineteen euro area countries, employing both an event study methodology and APARCH modeling to capture and test the form of responses of European financial market volatility. Our results show that markets were indeed pleased when new members joined the euro area, with negative responses due solely to local conditions rather than euro area-wide travails. In our most interesting finding, the expansion of the euro actually helped to dampen local market volatility in the post-crisis period in the founding member states, while euro adoption quelled volatility both pre- and post-crisis for non-founding members.

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  • Grigaliuniene, Zana & Celov, Dmitrij & Hartwell, Christopher A., 2020. "The more the Merrier? The reaction of euro area stock markets to new members," Journal of International Financial Markets, Institutions and Money, Elsevier, vol. 66(C).
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:intfin:v:66:y:2020:i:c:s1042443120300792
    DOI: 10.1016/j.intfin.2020.101195
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    Keywords

    Euro; Currency union; Asymmetric effects; Event study; APARCH; Volatility;

    JEL classification:

    • G15 - Financial Economics - - General Financial Markets - - - International Financial Markets
    • F36 - International Economics - - International Finance - - - Financial Aspects of Economic Integration
    • F33 - International Economics - - International Finance - - - International Monetary Arrangements and Institutions

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