IDEAS home Printed from https://ideas.repec.org/f/pha661.html
   My authors  Follow this author

Christopher Andrew Hartwell

Personal Details

First Name:Christopher
Middle Name:Andrew
Last Name:Hartwell
Suffix:
RePEc Short-ID:pha661
http://institutionaleconomist.weebly.com/
Twitter: @insteconomist

Affiliation

(85%) Business School
Faculty of Management
Bournemouth University

Bournemouth, United Kingdom
http://business.bournemouth.ac.uk/

: +44 (0) 1202961916

+44 (0) 1202961916
RePEc:edi:bsbouuk (more details at EDIRC)

(10%) Akademia Leona Koźmińskiego

Warszawa, Poland
http://www.kozminski.edu.pl/

: (022) 519-21-00
(022) 811-30-68
ul. Jagiellonska 59, 03-301 Warszawa
RePEc:edi:wspizpl (more details at EDIRC)

(4%) CASE-Center for Social and Economic Research

Warszawa, Poland
http://www.case-research.eu/

: +48 22 206 29 00
+48 22 206 29 01
Aleja Jana Pawla II, 61, 01-031 Warsaw
RePEc:edi:caseepl (more details at EDIRC)

(1%) Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration (RANEPA)

Moscow, Russia
http://www.ranepa.ru/

: +7 (499) 956 95 86
(095) 564-85-80
82, Vernadsky pr., 117571, Moscow
RePEc:edi:aneeeru (more details at EDIRC)

Research output

as
Jump to: Working papers Articles Books

Working papers

  1. Christopher Hartwell & Roman Horvath & Eva Horvathova & Olga Popova, 2019. "Natural Resources and Income Inequality in Developed Countries: Synthetic Control Method Evidence," Working Papers 381, Leibniz Institut für Ost- und Südosteuropaforschung (Institute for East and Southeast European Studies).
  2. Zana Grigaliuniene & Dmitrij Celov & Christopher A. Hartwell, 2018. "The More the Merrier? The Reaction of Euro Area Stock Markets to New Members," BAFES Working Papers BAFES20, Department of Accounting, Finance & Economic, Bournemouth University.
  3. Christopher Hartwell, 2015. "Political Volatility and Capital Markets: Evidence from Transition," HKUST IEMS Working Paper Series 2015-15, HKUST Institute for Emerging Market Studies, revised Mar 2015.
  4. Michael, Bryane & Hartwell, Christopher A. & Korovkin, Vladimir, 2015. "CP ALL and the Case of Value Web Creation," EconStor Preprints 109020, ZBW - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics.
  5. Hartwell, Christopher A., 2014. "The impact of institutional volatility on financial volatility in transition economies : a GARCH family approach," BOFIT Discussion Papers 6/2014, Bank of Finland, Institute for Economies in Transition.
  6. Michael, Bryane & Hartwell, Christopher A. & Ho, Gary, 2013. "Does Financial Market Development Explain (or at Least Predict) the Demand for Wealth Management and Private Banking Services in Developing Markets?," EconStor Preprints 109960, ZBW - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics.
  7. Hartwell, Christopher A., 2011. "All That’s Old is New Again: Capital Controls and the Macroeconomic Determinants of Entrepreneurship in Emerging Markets," MPRA Paper 40257, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  8. Christopher Hartwell, 2010. "“The Crab Model” : Tips for Project Implementation at the Country Level," World Bank Other Operational Studies 10504, The World Bank.
  9. Hartwell, Christopher A, 2010. "Employment Protection Legislation and Labor Markets in Transition: Assessing the Effects of the Labor Code in Armenia," MPRA Paper 40259, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  10. Hartwell, Christopher A., 2001. "The case against capital controls: financial flows, crises, and the flip side of the free-trade argument," MPRA Paper 40263, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  11. Don Coursey & Christopher Hartwell, 2000. "Environmental and Public Health Outcomes: An International and Historical Comparison," Working Papers 0010, Harris School of Public Policy Studies, University of Chicago.

Articles

  1. Christopher A Hartwell, 2019. "On the impossibility of central bank independence: four decades of time- (and intellectual) inconsistency," Cambridge Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 43(1), pages 61-84.
  2. Hartwell, Christopher A. & Malinowska, Anna P., 2019. "Informal institutions and firm valuation," Emerging Markets Review, Elsevier, vol. 40(C), pages 1-1.
  3. Hartwell, Christopher A., 2019. "Short waves in Hungary, 1923 and 1946: Persistence, chaos, and (lack of) control," Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization, Elsevier, vol. 163(C), pages 532-550.
  4. Christopher A. Hartwell, 2018. "Foreign banks and the business environment in transition: a cointegration approach," Post-Communist Economies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 30(1), pages 19-35, January.
  5. Christopher A. Hartwell, 2018. "Old wine and new bottles: A critical appraisal of the middle-income trap in BRICS countries," Russian Journal of Economics, ARPHA Platform, vol. 4(2), pages 133-154, June.
  6. Christopher A. Hartwell, 2018. "The effect of political volatility on capital markets in EU accession and neighborhood countries," Journal of Economic Policy Reform, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 21(4), pages 260-280, October.
  7. Adam A. Ambroziak & Christopher A. Hartwell, 2018. "The impact of investments in special economic zones on regional development: the case of Poland," Regional Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 52(10), pages 1322-1331, October.
  8. Christopher A. Hartwell & Anna P. Malinowska, 2018. "Firm-Level and Institutional Determinants of Corporate Capital Structure in Poland: New Evidence from the Warsaw Stock Exchange," Czech Journal of Economics and Finance (Finance a uver), Charles University Prague, Faculty of Social Sciences, vol. 68(2), pages 120-143, April.
  9. Hartwell, Christopher A., 2018. "The impact of institutional volatility on financial volatility in transition economies," Journal of Comparative Economics, Elsevier, vol. 46(2), pages 598-615.
  10. Christopher A. Hartwell & Elias Soukiazis & Eva Muchová & Roman Horváth, 2018. "European integration in the aftermath of the debt crisis," Journal of Economic Policy Reform, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 21(4), pages 257-259, October.
  11. Hartwell, Christopher A., 2018. "The “Hierarchy of Institutions” reconsidered: Monetary policy and its effect on the rule of law in interwar Poland," Explorations in Economic History, Elsevier, vol. 68(C), pages 37-70.
  12. Christopher A. Hartwell, 2018. "Bringing the benefits of David to Goliath: special economic zones and institutional improvement," Regional Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 52(10), pages 1309-1321, October.
  13. Christopher A. Hartwell, 2017. "Understanding “Development”: Insights from Some Aspects of Complexity Theory," Homo Oeconomicus: Journal of Behavioral and Institutional Economics, Springer, vol. 34(2), pages 165-190, November.
  14. Hartwell, Christopher A., 2017. "Determinants of property rights in Poland and Ukraine: the polity or politicians?," Journal of Institutional Economics, Cambridge University Press, vol. 13(1), pages 133-160, March.
  15. Christopher A. Hartwell, 2017. "CASE 25th Anniversary Symposium on the Future of Europe," Comparative Economic Studies, Palgrave Macmillan;Association for Comparative Economic Studies, vol. 59(4), pages 429-432, December.
  16. Christopher A. Hartwell, 2017. "If You’re Going Through Hell, Keep Going: Nonlinear Effects of Financial Liberalization in Transition Economies," Emerging Markets Finance and Trade, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 53(2), pages 250-275, February.
  17. Christopher A. Hartwell, 2016. "Improving competitiveness in the member states of the Eurasian Economic Union: a blueprint for the next decade," Post-Communist Economies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 28(1), pages 49-71, January.
  18. Hartwell, 2016. "Quantifying nontariff barriers in Ukraine: a comprehensive trade cost approach," Applied Economics Letters, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 23(1), pages 47-55, January.
  19. Christopher A. Hartwell, 2016. "Single Markets: Economic Integration in Europe and the United States , by M. P. Egan ( Oxford : Oxford University Press , 2015 , ISBN 9780199280506 ); xiv+240pp., £55.00 hb," Journal of Common Market Studies, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 54(3), pages 763-764, May.
  20. Hartwell, Christopher A., 2016. "The institutional basis of efficiency in resource-rich countries," Economic Systems, Elsevier, vol. 40(4), pages 519-538.
  21. Christopher Hartwell, 2015. "Après le déluge: Institutions, the Global Financial Crisis, and Bank Profitability in Transition," Open Economies Review, Springer, vol. 26(3), pages 497-524, July.
  22. Christopher Andrew HARTWELL, 2015. "Baudrillard Goes to Kyiv: Institutional Simulacra in Transition," Journal of Economic and Social Thought, KSP Journals, vol. 2(2), pages 92-105, June.
  23. Christopher Andrew Hartwell & Don L. Coursey, 2015. "Revisiting the environmental rewards of economic freedom," Economics and Business Letters, Oviedo University Press, vol. 4(1), pages 36-50.
  24. Christopher A. Hartwell, 2015. "Economic Crisis in Europe: What it Means for the EU and Russia, edited by J. DeBardeleben and Crina Viju (Basingstoke and New York, Palgrave Macmillan, 2013, ISBN 9781137005229); xvi+265 pp., £66.00 h," Journal of Common Market Studies, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 53(3), pages 694-695, May.
  25. Christopher A. Hartwell, 2014. "Capitalism and (versus?) democracy: stock markets and democratization in transition," Applied Economics Letters, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 21(14), pages 979-983, September.
  26. Christopher Andrew Hartwell, 2014. "Capital Controls and the Determinants of Entrepreneurship," Czech Journal of Economics and Finance (Finance a uver), Charles University Prague, Faculty of Social Sciences, vol. 64(6), pages 434-456, December.
  27. Christopher A. Hartwell, 2014. "Do (successful) stock exchanges support or hinder institutions in transition economies?," Cogent Economics & Finance, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 2(1), pages 1-18, December.
  28. Richard Connolly & Christopher A. Hartwell, 2014. "Developments in the Economies of Member States Outside the Eurozone," Journal of Common Market Studies, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 52, pages 202-218, November.
  29. Hartwell, Christopher A., 2013. "A Eurasian (or a Soviet) Union? Consequences of further economic integration in the Commonwealth of Independent States," Business Horizons, Elsevier, vol. 56(4), pages 411-420.
  30. Christopher Hartwell, 2013. "Institutional Deterioration in Transition Economies: Playing Follow-the-Leader During the Global Financial Crisis?," Transition Studies Review, Springer;Central Eastern European University Network (CEEUN), vol. 20(2), pages 131-147, October.
  31. Christopher A. Hartwell, 2010. "Employment Protection Legislation and Labor Markets in Transition: Assessing the Effects of the Labor Code in Armenia," European Journal of Comparative Economics, Cattaneo University (LIUC), vol. 7(2), pages 413-445, December.

Books

  1. Hartwell,Christopher A., 2016. "Two Roads Diverge," Cambridge Books, Cambridge University Press, number 9781107530980.

Citations

Many of the citations below have been collected in an experimental project, CitEc, where a more detailed citation analysis can be found. These are citations from works listed in RePEc that could be analyzed mechanically. So far, only a minority of all works could be analyzed. See under "Corrections" how you can help improve the citation analysis.

Working papers

  1. Hartwell, Christopher A., 2014. "The impact of institutional volatility on financial volatility in transition economies : a GARCH family approach," BOFIT Discussion Papers 6/2014, Bank of Finland, Institute for Economies in Transition.

    Cited by:

    1. Ibrahim, Muazu & Alagidede, Paul, 2017. "Financial sector development, economic volatility and shocks in sub-Saharan Africa," Physica A: Statistical Mechanics and its Applications, Elsevier, vol. 484(C), pages 66-81.

  2. Michael, Bryane & Hartwell, Christopher A. & Ho, Gary, 2013. "Does Financial Market Development Explain (or at Least Predict) the Demand for Wealth Management and Private Banking Services in Developing Markets?," EconStor Preprints 109960, ZBW - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics.

    Cited by:

    1. Michael, Bryane & Wojick, Dariusz & Arner, Douglas W. & Tong, Wilson & Lin, Chen & Zhao, Simon, 2015. "What Determines M&A Legal and Financial Advisors’ Competitiveness in an International Financial Centre: Using China’s Going Out Policy as a Natural Experiment," EconStor Preprints 110603, ZBW - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics.

  3. Hartwell, Christopher A, 2010. "Employment Protection Legislation and Labor Markets in Transition: Assessing the Effects of the Labor Code in Armenia," MPRA Paper 40259, University Library of Munich, Germany.

    Cited by:

    1. Hartwell, Christopher A, 2010. "Employment Protection Legislation and Labor Markets in Transition: Assessing the Effects of the Labor Code in Armenia," MPRA Paper 40259, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    2. World Bank, 2013. "Republic of Armenia : Accumulation, Competition, and Connectivity," World Bank Other Operational Studies 16781, The World Bank.

  4. Hartwell, Christopher A., 2001. "The case against capital controls: financial flows, crises, and the flip side of the free-trade argument," MPRA Paper 40263, University Library of Munich, Germany.

    Cited by:

    1. Kinga Z Elo, 2007. "The Effect of Capital Controlson Foreign Direct Investment Decisions Under Country Risk with Intangible Assets," IMF Working Papers 07/79, International Monetary Fund.
    2. Andrew van Hulten & Michael Webber, 2010. "Do developing countries need 'good' institutions and policies and deep financial markets to benefit from capital account liberalization?," Journal of Economic Geography, Oxford University Press, vol. 10(2), pages 283-319, March.
    3. Hartwell, Christopher A., 2011. "All That’s Old is New Again: Capital Controls and the Macroeconomic Determinants of Entrepreneurship in Emerging Markets," MPRA Paper 40257, University Library of Munich, Germany.

Articles

  1. Christopher A. Hartwell, 2018. "The effect of political volatility on capital markets in EU accession and neighborhood countries," Journal of Economic Policy Reform, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 21(4), pages 260-280, October.

    Cited by:

    1. Alanoud Al-Maadid & Guglielmo Maria Caporale & Fabio Spagnolo & Nicola Spagnolo, 2018. "Political Tension and Stock Markets in the Arabian Peninsula," CESifo Working Paper Series 7341, CESifo Group Munich.
    2. Shehu Usman Rano, Aliyu, 2019. "Do presidential elections affect stock market returns in Nigeria?," MPRA Paper 95466, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised 07 Aug 2019.

  2. Hartwell, Christopher A., 2018. "The impact of institutional volatility on financial volatility in transition economies," Journal of Comparative Economics, Elsevier, vol. 46(2), pages 598-615.

    Cited by:

    1. Yue, Shujing & Lu, Rou & Shen, Yongchang & Chen, Hongtao, 2019. "How does financial development affect energy consumption? Evidence from 21 transitional countries," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 130(C), pages 253-262.

  3. Christopher A. Hartwell, 2017. "Understanding “Development”: Insights from Some Aspects of Complexity Theory," Homo Oeconomicus: Journal of Behavioral and Institutional Economics, Springer, vol. 34(2), pages 165-190, November.

    Cited by:

    1. Frolov, Daniil, 2018. "Постинституционализм: За Пределами Институционального Мейнстрима
      [Post-institutionalism: Beyond the Institutional Mainstream]
      ," MPRA Paper 90287, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    2. Frolov, Daniil, 2019. "Постинституционализм: Программа Исследований За Пределами Институционального Мейнстрима
      [Post-institutionalism: research program beyond the institutional mainstream]
      ," MPRA Paper 92328, University Library of Munich, Germany.

  4. Christopher A. Hartwell, 2016. "Improving competitiveness in the member states of the Eurasian Economic Union: a blueprint for the next decade," Post-Communist Economies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 28(1), pages 49-71, January.

    Cited by:

    1. Celbis, Mehmet Guney & Wong, Pui-hang & Guznajeva, Tatjana, 2018. "The Eurasian customs union and the economic geography of Belarus: A panel convergence approach," MERIT Working Papers 029, United Nations University - Maastricht Economic and Social Research Institute on Innovation and Technology (MERIT).
    2. Irina Busygina & Mikhail Filippov, 2018. "Russia And The Eurasian Economic Union: Conflicting Incentives For An Institutional Compromise," HSE Working papers WP BRP 31/IR/2018, National Research University Higher School of Economics.
    3. Yu. D. Kvashnin, 2019. "The EAEU as Perceived by the Western Scientific and Expert Community (Bibliographic Essay)," Outlines of global transformations: politics, economics, law, Center for Crisis Society Studies.

  5. Hartwell, Christopher A., 2016. "The institutional basis of efficiency in resource-rich countries," Economic Systems, Elsevier, vol. 40(4), pages 519-538.

    Cited by:

    1. Horváth, Roman & Zeynalov, Ayaz, 2016. "Natural resources, manufacturing and institutions in post-Soviet countries," Resources Policy, Elsevier, vol. 50(C), pages 141-148.
    2. Steel, Mark F. J., 2017. "Model Averaging and its Use in Economics," MPRA Paper 90110, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised 16 Nov 2018.
    3. Kurronen, Sanna, 2018. "Natural resources and capital structure," Economic Systems, Elsevier, vol. 42(3), pages 385-396.

  6. Christopher Hartwell, 2015. "Après le déluge: Institutions, the Global Financial Crisis, and Bank Profitability in Transition," Open Economies Review, Springer, vol. 26(3), pages 497-524, July.

    Cited by:

    1. Svatopluk Kapounek, 2016. "The Impact of Institutional Quality on Bank Lending Activity: Evidence from Bayesian Model Averaging," MENDELU Working Papers in Business and Economics 2016-69, Mendel University in Brno, Faculty of Business and Economics.

  7. Christopher Andrew Hartwell & Don L. Coursey, 2015. "Revisiting the environmental rewards of economic freedom," Economics and Business Letters, Oviedo University Press, vol. 4(1), pages 36-50.

    Cited by:

    1. Christopher Andrew Hartwell & Don L. Coursey, 2015. "Revisiting the environmental rewards of economic freedom," Economics and Business Letters, Oviedo University Press, vol. 4(1), pages 36-50.
    2. Hartwell, Christopher A., 2016. "The institutional basis of efficiency in resource-rich countries," Economic Systems, Elsevier, vol. 40(4), pages 519-538.

  8. Christopher Andrew Hartwell, 2014. "Capital Controls and the Determinants of Entrepreneurship," Czech Journal of Economics and Finance (Finance a uver), Charles University Prague, Faculty of Social Sciences, vol. 64(6), pages 434-456, December.

    Cited by:

    1. Fuentes-Calle, Gemma & Díaz-Casero, Juan Carlos & Hernández Mogollón, Ricardo & Fernández-Portillo, Antonio & Rodriguez-Preciado, Raul, 2018. "Análisis bibliométrico de la influencia de la corrupción y la regulación en la actividad emprendedora," Small Business International Review, Asociación Española de Contabilidad y Administración de Empresas - AECA, vol. 2(1), pages 58-80, January.
    2. Folorunsho M. Ajide & Rufus A. Ajisafe & Olabode P. Olofin, 2019. "Capital Controls, Entrepreneurship and Economic Growth in Selected Developing Countries," Asian Economic and Financial Review, Asian Economic and Social Society, vol. 9(2), pages 191-212, February.

  9. Christopher A. Hartwell, 2014. "Do (successful) stock exchanges support or hinder institutions in transition economies?," Cogent Economics & Finance, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 2(1), pages 1-18, December.

    Cited by:

    1. Christopher Hartwell, 2015. "Après le déluge: Institutions, the Global Financial Crisis, and Bank Profitability in Transition," Open Economies Review, Springer, vol. 26(3), pages 497-524, July.
    2. Hartwell, Christopher A., 2018. "The impact of institutional volatility on financial volatility in transition economies," Journal of Comparative Economics, Elsevier, vol. 46(2), pages 598-615.
    3. Christopher A. Hartwell & Anna P. Malinowska, 2018. "Firm-Level and Institutional Determinants of Corporate Capital Structure in Poland: New Evidence from the Warsaw Stock Exchange," Czech Journal of Economics and Finance (Finance a uver), Charles University Prague, Faculty of Social Sciences, vol. 68(2), pages 120-143, April.

  10. Hartwell, Christopher A., 2013. "A Eurasian (or a Soviet) Union? Consequences of further economic integration in the Commonwealth of Independent States," Business Horizons, Elsevier, vol. 56(4), pages 411-420.

    Cited by:

    1. Pablo PODADERA RIVERA & Anna GARASHCHUK, 2016. "The Eurasian Economic Union: prospective regional integration in the post-Soviet space or just geopolitical project?," Eastern Journal of European Studies, Centre for European Studies, Alexandru Ioan Cuza University, vol. 7, pages 91-110, December.
    2. Libman, Alexander, 2015. "Ukrainian Crisis, Economic Crisis in Russia and the Eurasian Economic Union," MPRA Paper 63861, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    3. Angelina A. Kolomeytseva & Maria A. Maksakova, 2019. "Integration Potential in Energy Sector: Eurasian Economic Union Case," International Journal of Energy Economics and Policy, Econjournals, vol. 9(2), pages 174-181.
    4. Gharleghi, Behrooz, 2019. "Economic integration and macroeconomic shocks in Eurasia," MPRA Paper 95545, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    5. ARMAN MAZHIKEYEV & Huw Edwards, 2015. "Consequences Of Asymmetric Deeper Eurasian Economic Integration," EcoMod2015 8365, EcoMod.
    6. Irena Benešová & Luboš Smutka & Lenka Rumánková & Adriana Laputková & Zuzana Novotná, 2016. "Regional Cooperation of the Post‑Soviet Countries – Can it Be Influenced by the Structure of the Economy?," Acta Universitatis Agriculturae et Silviculturae Mendelianae Brunensis, Mendel University Press, vol. 64(6), pages 1843-1856.

  11. Christopher A. Hartwell, 2010. "Employment Protection Legislation and Labor Markets in Transition: Assessing the Effects of the Labor Code in Armenia," European Journal of Comparative Economics, Cattaneo University (LIUC), vol. 7(2), pages 413-445, December. See citations under working paper version above.

Books

  1. Hartwell,Christopher A., 2016. "Two Roads Diverge," Cambridge Books, Cambridge University Press, number 9781107530980.

    Cited by:

    1. Christopher A. Hartwell, 2017. "Understanding “Development”: Insights from Some Aspects of Complexity Theory," Homo Oeconomicus: Journal of Behavioral and Institutional Economics, Springer, vol. 34(2), pages 165-190, November.

More information

Research fields, statistics, top rankings, if available.

Statistics

Access and download statistics for all items

Rankings

This author is among the top 5% authors according to these criteria:
  1. Number of Journal Pages, Weighted by Number of Authors

Co-authorship network on CollEc

NEP Fields

NEP is an announcement service for new working papers, with a weekly report in each of many fields. This author has had 3 papers announced in NEP. These are the fields, ordered by number of announcements, along with their dates. If the author is listed in the directory of specialists for this field, a link is also provided.
  1. NEP-BEC: Business Economics (1) 2019-05-20
  2. NEP-EEC: European Economics (1) 2018-04-16
  3. NEP-ENE: Energy Economics (1) 2019-05-20
  4. NEP-ENV: Environmental Economics (1) 2019-05-20
  5. NEP-EUR: Microeconomic European Issues (1) 2019-05-20
  6. NEP-GRO: Economic Growth (1) 2019-05-20
  7. NEP-LAB: Labour Economics (1) 2019-05-20
  8. NEP-POL: Positive Political Economics (1) 2015-05-02
  9. NEP-TRA: Transition Economics (1) 2015-05-02

Corrections

All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. For general information on how to correct material on RePEc, see these instructions.

To update listings or check citations waiting for approval, Christopher Andrew Hartwell should log into the RePEc Author Service.

To make corrections to the bibliographic information of a particular item, find the technical contact on the abstract page of that item. There, details are also given on how to add or correct references and citations.

To link different versions of the same work, where versions have a different title, use this form. Note that if the versions have a very similar title and are in the author's profile, the links will usually be created automatically.

Please note that most corrections can take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

IDEAS is a RePEc service hosted by the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis . RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.