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Influence of renewable energy sources on transmission networks in Central Europe

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  • Janda, Karel
  • Málek, Jan
  • Rečka, Lukáš

Abstract

This article focuses on the influence of increased wind and solar power production on the transmission networks in Central Europe. The German Energiewende policy together with insufficient transmission capacity between northern and southern Germany as well as the existence of the German-Austrian bidding zone heavily contribute to congestion in the Central European transmission system. To assess the exact impact on the transmission grid, the direct current load flow model ELMOD is employed. Two development scenarios for the year 2025 are evaluated on the basis of four representative weeks. The first scenario focuses on the effect of Energiewende on the transmission networks, the second one drops out nuclear phase-out and thus assesses isolated effect of increased feed-in. The results indicate that higher feed-in of solar and wind power increases the exchange balance and total transport of electricity between transmission system operator areas as well as the average load of lines and volatility of flows. Solar power is identified as a key contributor to the volatility increase, wind power is identified as a key loop-flow contributor. Eventually, it is concluded that German nuclear phase-out does not significantly exacerbate mentioned problems.

Suggested Citation

  • Janda, Karel & Málek, Jan & Rečka, Lukáš, 2017. "Influence of renewable energy sources on transmission networks in Central Europe," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 108(C), pages 524-537.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:enepol:v:108:y:2017:i:c:p:524-537
    DOI: 10.1016/j.enpol.2017.06.021
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    Cited by:

    1. Jan Málek & Lukáš Recka & Karel Janda, 2017. "Impact of German Energiewende on transmission lines in the Central European region," CAMA Working Papers 2017-72, Centre for Applied Macroeconomic Analysis, Crawford School of Public Policy, The Australian National University.
    2. repec:prg:jnlpol:v:2017:y:2017:i:6:id:1172:p:728-750 is not listed on IDEAS
    3. Ziesemer, Thomas, 2018. "Fluctuations in renewable electricity supply: Gains from international trade through infrastructure?," MERIT Working Papers 014, United Nations University - Maastricht Economic and Social Research Institute on Innovation and Technology (MERIT).
    4. Karel Janda & Jan Malek & Lukas Recka, 2017. "The Influence of Renewable Energy Sources on the Czech Electricity Transmission System," Working Papers IES 2017/06, Charles University Prague, Faculty of Social Sciences, Institute of Economic Studies, revised Mar 2017.
    5. repec:eee:enepol:v:106:y:2017:i:c:p:138-147 is not listed on IDEAS
    6. Luňáčková, Petra & Průša, Jan & Janda, Karel, 2017. "The merit order effect of Czech photovoltaic plants," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 106(C), pages 138-147.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Energiewende; ELMOD; RES; Transmission networks; Congestion; Central Europe;

    JEL classification:

    • L94 - Industrial Organization - - Industry Studies: Transportation and Utilities - - - Electric Utilities
    • Q21 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Renewable Resources and Conservation - - - Demand and Supply; Prices
    • Q48 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Energy - - - Government Policy
    • C61 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Mathematical Methods; Programming Models; Mathematical and Simulation Modeling - - - Optimization Techniques; Programming Models; Dynamic Analysis

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