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Consumer loss in Czech photovoltaic power plants in 2010–2011

Author

Listed:
  • Průša, Jan
  • Klimešová, Andrea
  • Janda, Karel

Abstract

This paper provides a financial survey of a small sample of Czech photovoltaic (PV) plants. To evaluate the extent of market losses, we calculate the shadow market price of solar electricity. From the profit and loss accounts of the PV plants and the shadow market price we estimate the total economic loss generated by PV electricity sector in the Czech Republic. The presented microeconomic approach has two main advantages: firstly, we work with real observed data, which offsets the drawback of a limited sample. Secondly, the profit accounting calculation enables sensitivity analysis with respect to key variables of the plants. We show that money invested in PV plants would generate an annual loss of 8%. Given the estimated solar assets of CZK 165.6 billion (EUR 6.6 billion) as of December 2011, this translates in at least CZK 12.6 billion lost in the Czech solar sector in 2012. About 43% of this loss is due to high technology costs and corresponds to pure dead weight loss, while the remaining 57% constitute the redistributive profit component of subsidies. Finally, we calculate that unless electricity prices increase or technology costs decrease approximately sevenfold, PV plants will remain loss making.

Suggested Citation

  • Průša, Jan & Klimešová, Andrea & Janda, Karel, 2013. "Consumer loss in Czech photovoltaic power plants in 2010–2011," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 63(C), pages 747-755.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:enepol:v:63:y:2013:i:c:p:747-755
    DOI: 10.1016/j.enpol.2013.08.023
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Sivek, Martin & Kavina, Pavel & Malečková, Veronika & Jirásek, Jakub, 2012. "Czech Republic and indicative targets of the European Union for electricity generation from renewable sources," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 44(C), pages 469-475.
    2. Dusonchet, Luigi & Telaretti, Enrico, 2010. "Economic analysis of different supporting policies for the production of electrical energy by solar photovoltaics in eastern European Union countries," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 38(8), pages 4011-4020, August.
    3. Sivek, Martin & Kavina, Pavel & Jirásek, Jakub & Malečková, Veronika, 2012. "Factors influencing the selection of the past and future strategies for electricity generation in the Czech Republic," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 48(C), pages 650-656.
    4. Dusonchet, Luigi & Telaretti, Enrico, 2010. "Economic analysis of different supporting policies for the production of electrical energy by solar photovoltaics in western European Union countries," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 38(7), pages 3297-3308, July.
    5. Gautam Gowrisankaran & Stanley S. Reynolds & Mario Samano, 2011. "Intermittency and the Value of Renewable Energy," NBER Working Papers 17086, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    6. Ratti, Ronald A. & Seol, Youn & Yoon, Kyung Hwan, 2011. "Relative energy price and investment by European firms," Energy Economics, Elsevier, vol. 33(5), pages 721-731, September.
    7. Timilsina, Govinda R. & Kurdgelashvili, Lado & Narbel, Patrick A., 2011. "A review of solar energy : markets, economics and policies," Policy Research Working Paper Series 5845, The World Bank.
    8. Kavina, Pavel & Jirásek, Jakub & Sivek, Martin, 2009. "Some issues related to the energy sources in the Czech Republic," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 37(6), pages 2139-2142, June.
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Janda, Karel & Tyuleubekov, Sabyrzhan, 2016. "Empirical evidence on renewable electricity, greenhouse gas emissions and feed-in tariffs in Czech Republic and Germany," MPRA Paper 75444, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    2. Karel Janda & Jan Malek & Lukas Recka, 2017. "Influence of Renewable Energy Sources on Electricity Transmission Networks in Central Europe," Working Papers IES 2017/05, Charles University Prague, Faculty of Social Sciences, Institute of Economic Studies, revised Feb 2017.
    3. repec:gam:jeners:v:10:y:2017:i:12:p:1947-:d:120112 is not listed on IDEAS
    4. Karel Janda & Jan Malek & Lukas Recka, 2017. "The Influence of Renewable Energy Sources on the Czech Electricity Transmission System," Working Papers IES 2017/06, Charles University Prague, Faculty of Social Sciences, Institute of Economic Studies, revised Mar 2017.
    5. repec:prg:jnlpol:v:2018:y:2018:i:2:id:1185:p:218-239 is not listed on IDEAS
    6. Luňáčková, Petra & Průša, Jan & Janda, Karel, 2017. "The merit order effect of Czech photovoltaic plants," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 106(C), pages 138-147.
    7. Janda, Karel & Tuma, Ladislav, 2016. "Market viability of photovoltaic plants: merit order effect approach," MPRA Paper 74884, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    8. Janda, Karel & Tyuleubekov, Sabyrzhan, 2016. "Overview of Czech and German Renewable Energy Policies," MPRA Paper 75442, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    9. repec:eee:enepol:v:108:y:2017:i:c:p:524-537 is not listed on IDEAS
    10. Rečka, L. & Ščasný, M., 2016. "Impacts of carbon pricing, brown coal availability and gas cost on Czech energy system up to 2050," Energy, Elsevier, vol. 108(C), pages 19-33.
    11. repec:prg:jnlpol:v:2017:y:2017:i:6:id:1172:p:728-750 is not listed on IDEAS
    12. Janda, Karel & Málek, Jan & Rečka, Lukáš, 2017. "Influence of renewable energy sources on transmission networks in Central Europe," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 108(C), pages 524-537.

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    Keywords

    Energy subsidies; Photovoltaic; Renewables;

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