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Lending conditions in EU: The role of credit demand and supply

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  • Kapounek, Svatopluk
  • Kučerová, Zuzana
  • Fidrmuc, Jarko

Abstract

We analyse the bank lending activity after the financial crisis and focus on bank-specific supply factors. Using a rich microeconomic dataset from Bankscope and macroeconomic shocks data, we employ OLS and 2SLS fixed effects models with banking controls, macroeconomic shocks and institutional quality. The banks’ loan-rate spreads increased despite the recent policy of low interest rates and quantitative easing. We use the bank asset quality as instruments to capture exogenous changes in loan supply. The empirical evidence shows that loan-rate spread and through this the supply of loans is negatively affected by a low asset quality and capital ratios.

Suggested Citation

  • Kapounek, Svatopluk & Kučerová, Zuzana & Fidrmuc, Jarko, 2017. "Lending conditions in EU: The role of credit demand and supply," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 67(C), pages 285-293.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:ecmode:v:67:y:2017:i:c:p:285-293
    DOI: 10.1016/j.econmod.2017.01.003
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    Cited by:

    1. Jung, Alexander, 2020. "An empirical analysis of loan supply and demand in the euro area," International Review of Economics & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 70(C), pages 187-201.
    2. Jarko Fidrmuc & Moritz Degler, 2018. "Temporal and Spatial Dependence of Inter-Regional Risk Sharing: Evidence from Russia," Working Papers 373, Leibniz Institut für Ost- und Südosteuropaforschung (Institute for East and Southeast European Studies).
    3. Klára Baková, 2018. "The Financial Accelerator in Europe after the Financial Crisis," European Journal of Business Science and Technology, Mendel University in Brno, Faculty of Business and Economics, vol. 4(2), pages 143-155, December.
    4. Vidal-Tomás, David & Tedeschi, Gabriele & Ripollés, Jordi, 2020. "The desertion of rich countries and the mutual support of the poor ones: Preferential lending agreements among the PIGS," Finance Research Letters, Elsevier, vol. 34(C).
    5. Jarko Fidrmuc & Svatopluk Kapounek, 2020. "The Risks and Financial Vulnerability of Foreign Bank Ownership in CEECs: Evidence from Exchange Rate Depreciation after the Financial Crisis," Eastern European Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 58(1), pages 34-48, January.
    6. Nguyen, Canh Phuc & Le, Thai-Ha & Su, Thanh Dinh, 2020. "Economic policy uncertainty and credit growth: Evidence from a global sample," Research in International Business and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 51(C).

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Bank lending; Loans; Financial vulnerability; Loan-rate spreads; Institutions; Macroeconomic shocks;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • E58 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit - - - Central Banks and Their Policies
    • G21 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Banks; Other Depository Institutions; Micro Finance Institutions; Mortgages
    • G28 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Government Policy and Regulation

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