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Anxious periods and bank lending

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  • Delis, Manthos D
  • Kouretas, Georgios
  • Tsoumas, Chris

Abstract

Using a number of theoretical considerations, we define distinct periods of anxiety for key economic agents that are involved in lending decisions; namely, consumers, CEOs, and banks. The main characteristic of anxious periods is that the perceptions and expectations about economic conditions worsen for these agents even though the economy is not in a recession. Subsequently, we study the lending behavior of US banks during the three distinct pools of anxious quarters from 1985-2010, using bank-level data. We find that banks’ lending falls when consumers and banks are anxious, and this effect is more pronounced when banks hold a high level of credit risk. Yet, in those anxious periods that were followed by recessions, the negative impact of anxiety on loan growth is significantly weaker for banks with high-credit risk that points to the existence of a moral-hazard mechanism. We also find significant differentiation in banks’ lending within anxious periods across different loan categories. We contend that these findings point to the identification of an ‘expectations channel’ in banks’ lending that exists throughout the business cycle.

Suggested Citation

  • Delis, Manthos D & Kouretas, Georgios & Tsoumas, Chris, 2011. "Anxious periods and bank lending," MPRA Paper 32422, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  • Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:32422
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    Cited by:

    1. Christopher F Baum & Mustafa Caglayan & Bing Xu, 2017. "Uncertainty Effects on the Financial Sector: International Evidence," Boston College Working Papers in Economics 939, Boston College Department of Economics.
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    7. Burkhard Raunig & Johann Scharler & Friedrich Sindermann, 2017. "Do Banks Lend Less in Uncertain Times?," Economica, London School of Economics and Political Science, vol. 84(336), pages 682-711, October.
    8. Caglayan, Mustafa & Xu, Bing, 2016. "Inflation volatility effects on the allocation of bank loans," Journal of Financial Stability, Elsevier, vol. 24(C), pages 27-39.
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    13. Joseph P. Byrne & Marco Lorusso & Bing Xu, 2017. "Oil Prices and Informational Frictions: The Time-Varying Impact of Fundamentals and Expectations," CEERP Working Paper Series 006, Centre for Energy Economics Research and Policy, Heriot-Watt University.

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    Keywords

    Banks’ lending; Anxious periods; Consumers; CEOs; Banks; Bank characteristics;

    JEL classification:

    • D2 - Microeconomics - - Production and Organizations
    • E32 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Prices, Business Fluctuations, and Cycles - - - Business Fluctuations; Cycles
    • E44 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Money and Interest Rates - - - Financial Markets and the Macroeconomy
    • G21 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Banks; Other Depository Institutions; Micro Finance Institutions; Mortgages

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