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Regional bank efficiency and its effect on regional growth in “normal” and “bad” times

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  • Belke, Ansgar
  • Haskamp, Ulrich
  • Setzer, Ralph

Abstract

The financial crisis affected regions in Europe in a different magnitude. This is why we examine whether regions which incorporate banks with a higher intermediation quality grow faster in “normal” times and are more resilient in “bad” ones. For this purpose, we measure the intermediation quality of a bank by estimating its profit and cost efficiency while taking the changing banking environment after the financial crisis into account. Next, we aggregate the efficiencies of all banks within a NUTS 2 region to obtain a regional proxy for financial quality in twelve European countries. Our results show that relatively more profit efficient banks foster growth in their region. The link between financial quality and growth is valid in “normal” and in “bad” times. These results provide evidence to the importance of swiftly restoring bank profitability in euro area crisis countries through addressing high non-performing loans ratios and decisive actions on bank recapitalization.

Suggested Citation

  • Belke, Ansgar & Haskamp, Ulrich & Setzer, Ralph, 2016. "Regional bank efficiency and its effect on regional growth in “normal” and “bad” times," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 58(C), pages 413-426.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:ecmode:v:58:y:2016:i:c:p:413-426
    DOI: 10.1016/j.econmod.2015.12.020
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    9. Teodora Cristina Barbu & Iustina Alina Boitan, 2019. "Ethical Financing in Europe—Non-Parametric Assessment of Efficiency," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 11(21), pages 1-10, October.
    10. Alireza Amirteimoori & Simin Masrouri & Feng Yang & Sohrab Kordrostami, 2017. "Context-based competition strategy and performance analysis with fixed-sum outputs: an application to banking sector," Journal of the Operational Research Society, Palgrave Macmillan;The OR Society, vol. 68(11), pages 1461-1469, November.
    11. Hong Zhuang & Haiyan Yin & Miao Wang & Jiawen Yang, 2019. "Bank Efficiency and Regional Economic Growth: Evidence from China," Annals of Economics and Finance, Society for AEF, vol. 20(2), pages 661-689, November.
    12. Haskamp, Ulrich, 2017. "Improving the forecasts of European regional banks' profitability with machine learning algorithms," Ruhr Economic Papers 705, RWI - Leibniz-Institut für Wirtschaftsforschung, Ruhr-University Bochum, TU Dortmund University, University of Duisburg-Essen.
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    17. N. Voronova S. & O. Miroshnichenko S. & Н. Воронова С. & О. Мирошниченко С., 2017. "Региональные Банки России: Проблемы Роста И Перспективы Развития // Regional Banks Of Russia: Problems Of Growth And Development Prospects," Финансы: теория и практика/Finance: Theory and Practice // Finance: Theory and Practice, ФГОБУВО Финансовый университет при Правительстве Российской Федерации // Financial University under The Government of Russian Federation, vol. 21(4), pages 40-53.
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Bank efficiency; Financial development; Regional growth; Europe;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • G21 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Banks; Other Depository Institutions; Micro Finance Institutions; Mortgages
    • O47 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Growth and Aggregate Productivity - - - Empirical Studies of Economic Growth; Aggregate Productivity; Cross-Country Output Convergence
    • O52 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economywide Country Studies - - - Europe

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