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Inflation targeting and public deficit in emerging countries: A time varying treatment effect approach

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  • Kadria, Mohamed
  • Ben Aissa, Mohamed Safouane

Abstract

Several studies including Minea et al. (2012) and Lucotte (2012) emphasize that in emerging countries, the adoption of inflation targeting (IT) monetary policy and its discipline character allow intensifying their efforts to collect tax revenue and/or expenditure rationalization, and allows the reduction of their budget deficits (Kadria and Ben Aissa, 2014). Nevertheless, the lag in the effect of monetary policy contains vital information for the policy evaluation (Fang and Miller, 2011). Hence, our contribution to the previous literature is then to evaluate the time varying treatment effect of the IT's adoption by emerging countries on their budgetary discipline in terms of reducing or mastering the public deficit. To do this, we used the propensity score matching approach in order to take account of this “lag effect” or from this effect throughout time. Our empirical analysis, conducted on a sample of 41 economies (20 IT and 21 non-IT economies) for the period from 1990 to 2010, shows that the lag in the effect of IT on public deficit performance proves to be shorter and gradual for emerging countries that have adopted this monetary policy framework. Our conclusions corroborate the literature disciplining effect of IT on fiscal policy.

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  • Kadria, Mohamed & Ben Aissa, Mohamed Safouane, 2016. "Inflation targeting and public deficit in emerging countries: A time varying treatment effect approach," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 52(PA), pages 108-114.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:ecmode:v:52:y:2016:i:pa:p:108-114
    DOI: 10.1016/j.econmod.2015.02.022
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    Cited by:

    1. Balima, Wenéyam Hippolyte & Combes, Jean-Louis & Minea, Alexandru, 2017. "Sovereign debt risk in emerging market economies: Does inflation targeting adoption make any difference?," Journal of International Money and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 70(C), pages 360-377.
    2. Soe, Than Than & Kakinaka, Makoto, 2018. "Inflation targeting and income velocity in developing economies: Some international evidence," The North American Journal of Economics and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 44(C), pages 44-61.
    3. Valera, Harold Glenn A. & Holmes, Mark J. & Hassan, Gazi M., 2017. "How credible is inflation targeting in Asia? A quantile unit root perspective," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 60(C), pages 194-210.
    4. Perevyshin, Yuri (Перевышин, Юрий), 2017. "Peculiarities of Interaction of Monetary and Fiscal Policy Under the Inflation Targeting Regime [Особенности Взаимодействия Денежно-Кредитной И Фискальной Политики При Режиме Инфляционного Таргетир," Working Papers 031711, Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration.
    5. Kadria, Mohamed & Ben Aissa, Mohamed Safouane, 2016. "Inflation targeting and public deficit in emerging countries: A time varying treatment effect approach," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 52(PA), pages 108-114.
    6. Apeti, Ablam Estel & Combes, Jean-Louis & Minea, Alexandru, 2023. "Inflation targeting and the composition of public expenditure: Evidence from developing countries," Journal of Macroeconomics, Elsevier, vol. 76(C).
    7. Kahia, Montassar & Ben Aissa, Mohamed Safouane & kadria, Mohamed, 2014. "Do renewable energy policies promote economic growth? A nonparametric approach," MPRA Paper 80751, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    8. Adina Ionela Străchinaru & Bogdan Andrei Dumitrescu, 2019. "Assessing the Sustainability of Inflation Targeting: Evidence from EU Countries with Non-EURO Currencies," Sustainability, MDPI, vol. 11(20), pages 1-13, October.
    9. Soe, Than Than & Kakinaka, Makoto, 2018. "Inflation targeting and exchange market pressure in developing economies: Some international evidence," Finance Research Letters, Elsevier, vol. 24(C), pages 263-272.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Time lag; Inflation targeting; Public deficit; Time varying treatment effect evaluation; Propensity score matching; Emerging countries;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • C5 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric Modeling
    • E5 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit
    • E6 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Macroeconomic Policy, Macroeconomic Aspects of Public Finance, and General Outlook
    • H6 - Public Economics - - National Budget, Deficit, and Debt

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