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The behaviour of the bank lending channel when interest rates approach the zero lower bound: Evidence from quantile regressions

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  • Apergis, Nicholas
  • Christou, Christina

Abstract

This paper examines the dynamic behaviour of the bank lending channel at the mean and at various quantiles for a sample of European banks, by making use of the quantiles regression methodology, spanning the period 2000–2012. In the first case, the bank lending channel exists. In contrast, when policy interest rates are estimated at lower quantiles as the rates approach the Zero Lower Bound, the monetary policy's capacity to influence banking loans seems to lose its momentum and is found to be completely ineffective below a critical policy interest rate. The results remain robust for different bank characteristics such as capitalisation, asset size, and liquidity, as well as for alternative scenarios concerning the definition of monetary decisions and the construction of lending activities. The empirical findings also survived other robustness checks, such as a different methodological approach, the role of securitisation and the role of non-conventional monetary policy measures. The empirical findings are expected to be significant in the context of the recent global financial crisis where central banks had to push down their policy interest rates close to zero. In such a distressed financial environment, changes in bank lending terms should form an explicit component of macroeconomic models that describe monetary policy rules used for policy advice.

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  • Apergis, Nicholas & Christou, Christina, 2015. "The behaviour of the bank lending channel when interest rates approach the zero lower bound: Evidence from quantile regressions," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 49(C), pages 296-307.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:ecmode:v:49:y:2015:i:c:p:296-307
    DOI: 10.1016/j.econmod.2015.05.005
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