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Occupational trajectories and occupational cost among Senegalese immigrants in Europe

Author

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  • Ognjen Obućina

    (Stockholms Universitet)

Abstract

This paper analyzes the mechanisms of occupational trajectories and occupational cost of migration among Senegalese immigrants in France, Italy and Spain. The occupational path of the Senegalese in Europe takes a U-shaped form, as the average job score declines just after the migration, but then gradually improves with duration of stay in Europe. However, the process of upward mobility is slow: by the fifth year of stay in Europe only one out of four immigrants experiences upward mobility relative to the first year after migration. There is also some evidence of cumulative inertia since the likelihood of experiencing upward or downward mobility in the destination decreases with each additional year in Europe. The analysis also reveals that education acquired in Europe has an especially important role for a more successful labor market participation of immigrants. Senegalese men are more occupationally mobile than women. The number of years spent inactive or unemployed in Europe, having no language skills at arrival and having no work permit are all negatively associated with occupational attainment and the chances of upward mobility. There is a statistically significant occupational cost of migration, but it decreases with duration of stay in Europe.

Suggested Citation

  • Ognjen Obućina, 2013. "Occupational trajectories and occupational cost among Senegalese immigrants in Europe," Demographic Research, Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research, Rostock, Germany, vol. 28(19), pages 547-580, March.
  • Handle: RePEc:dem:demres:v:28:y:2013:i:19
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Ayse Guveli & Harry Ganzeboom & Helen Baykara-Krumme & Lucinda Platt & Şebnem Eroğlu & Niels Spierings & Sait Bayrakdar & Efe K Sozeri & Bernhard Nauck, 2014. "2000 Families: identifying the research potential of an origins-of migration study," Norface Discussion Paper Series 2014007, Norface Research Programme on Migration, Department of Economics, University College London.
    2. Ayse Guveli & Harry Ganzeboom & Helen Baykara-Krumme & Lucinda Platt & Şebnem Eroğlu & Niels Spierings & Sait Bayrakdar & Efe K Sozeri & Bernhard Nauck, "undated". "2000 Families: identifying the research potential of an origins-of migration studies," CReAM Discussion Paper Series 1435, Centre for Research and Analysis of Migration (CReAM), Department of Economics, University College London.
    3. Pau Baizán & Amparo González-Ferrer, 2016. "What drives Senegalese migration to Europe? The role of economic restructuring, labor demand, and the multiplier effect of networks," Demographic Research, Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research, Rostock, Germany, vol. 35(13), pages 339-380, August.
    4. Lucinda Platt & Renee Luthra & Tom Frere-Smith, 2015. "Adapting chain referral methods to sample new migrants," Demographic Research, Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research, Rostock, Germany, vol. 33(24), pages 665-700, September.
    5. Güveli, Ayşe & Ganzeboom, Harry & Baykara-Krumme, Helen & Platt, Lucinda & Eroğlu, Şebnem & Spierings, Niels & Bayrakdar, Sait & Nauck, Bernhard & Sozeri, Efe K., 2014. "2000 families: identifying the research potential of an origins-of-migration study," LSE Research Online Documents on Economics 60032, London School of Economics and Political Science, LSE Library.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Africa; immigrants; migration; occupational attainment; occupational cost; occupational mobility;

    JEL classification:

    • J1 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics
    • Z0 - Other Special Topics - - General

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