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Turnout, political strength, and cost efficiency in Spanish municipalities of the autonomous region of Galicia: Evidence from an alternative stochastic frontier approach

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  • Enrique J. Buch‐Gómez
  • Roberto Cabaleiro‐Casal

Abstract

The scientific literature has used different theoretical arguments and methodological alternatives to attempt to demonstrate whether both electoral turnout and the strength of the incumbent majority influence the cost efficiency of municipal governments, reaching inconclusive results. We provide new arguments and employ a methodology that overcomes some of the limitations of the previous studies. Our research confirms a direct association between electoral turnout and municipal cost efficiency in the Spanish region of Galicia. Moreover, the strength of the incumbent majority has a significant negative effect on cost efficiency, contradicting the frequently used explanations that are based on government inaction or the common‐pool problem. La literatura científica ha utilizado diferentes argumentos teóricos y alternativas metodológicas para intentar demostrar si tanto la participación electoral como la fuerza de la mayoría en el poder influyen en la eficiencia de costos de los gobiernos municipales, para alcanzar resultados no concluyentes. Se aportan nuevos argumentos y se emplea una metodología que supera algunas de las limitaciones de los estudios anteriores. La investigación confirma una asociación directa entre la participación electoral y la eficiencia de los costos municipales en la región española de Galicia. Además, la fuerza de la mayoría en el poder tiene un efecto negativo significativo en la eficiencia de costos, lo que contradice las explicaciones utilizadas a menudo que se basan en la inacción del gobierno o en el problema de la puesta en común. これまでに、投票率と現与党の強さの両方が地方自治政府の費用効率に影響を与えるか否かに関して、研究論文では様々な論理的議論およびそれを証明する様々な方法論的選択肢が取り扱われてきたが、結論には至っていない。本稿では、新たな議論を提示し、既存研究の限界を克服する方法を採用する。今回の研究から、スペインのガリシア州において投票率と自治政府の費用効率に直接的な関連性があることが確認される。さらに、政府の怠慢またはコモンプールの問題として頻繁に説明されることと矛盾して、現与党の強さの費用効率に対する負の影響が有意に認められる。

Suggested Citation

  • Enrique J. Buch‐Gómez & Roberto Cabaleiro‐Casal, 2020. "Turnout, political strength, and cost efficiency in Spanish municipalities of the autonomous region of Galicia: Evidence from an alternative stochastic frontier approach," Papers in Regional Science, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 99(3), pages 533-553, June.
  • Handle: RePEc:bla:presci:v:99:y:2020:i:3:p:533-553
    DOI: 10.1111/pirs.12491
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    File URL: https://doi.org/10.1111/pirs.12491
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