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The long‐term relationship between economic development and regional inequality: South‐West Europe, 1860–2010

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  • Alfonso Díez‐Minguela
  • Rafael González‐Val
  • Julio Martinez‐Galarraga
  • M. Teresa Sanchis
  • Daniel A. Tirado

Abstract

This paper analyses the long‐term relationship between regional inequality and economic development. Our data set includes information on national and regional per capita GDP for four countries: France, Italy, Portugal and Spain, compiled on a decadal basis for the period 1860–2010. Using parametric and semiparametric regressions, our results confirm the rise and fall of regional inequalities over time although in recent decades they are on the rise again. Finally, we identify structural change as being a significant transmission mechanism of the inverted‐U relationship. The arrival of technological shocks, beginning during the onset of industrialization, and the transition from agrarian to industrial economies, would explain this result. Este artículo analiza la relación a largo plazo entre la desigualdad regional y el desarrollo económico. El conjunto de datos utilizado incluye información sobre el PIB per cápita nacional y regional de cuatro países: Francia, Italia, Portugal y España, compilados por decenios para el período 1860‐2010. Mediante el uso de regresiones paramétricas y semiparamétricas, los resultados confirman el aumento y la disminución de las desigualdades regionales a lo largo del tiempo, aunque en las últimas décadas han vuelto a aumentar. Finalmente, se identifica el cambio estructural como un mecanismo significativo de transmisión de la relación de U invertida. La llegada de las perturbaciones tecnológicas, que comenzó a partir del inicio de la industrialización, y la transición de las economías agrarias a las industriales, explicarían este resultado. 本稿では地域の不公平と経済発展の長期的な関連性を分析する。今回使用するデータセットには、1860~2010年までの10年単位でまとめた、フランス、イタリア、ポルトガル、スペイン、以上の4カ国の、全国および地方の一人あたりGDPに関する情報を含んでいる。パラメトリック回帰分析およびセミパラメトリック回帰分析を行った結果から、地域の不公平は経時的に上昇、また下降しており、最近の10年単位では上昇していることが確認された。最終的には、構造的な変化が、著明な逆U字の関連性を示すトランスミッション・メカニズムとして確認された。この結果は、産業革命の始まりにおける技術的ショックの到来と農耕社会から産業経済への移行によって説明される。

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  • Alfonso Díez‐Minguela & Rafael González‐Val & Julio Martinez‐Galarraga & M. Teresa Sanchis & Daniel A. Tirado, 2020. "The long‐term relationship between economic development and regional inequality: South‐West Europe, 1860–2010," Papers in Regional Science, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 99(3), pages 479-508, June.
  • Handle: RePEc:bla:presci:v:99:y:2020:i:3:p:479-508
    DOI: 10.1111/pirs.12489
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    1. The Elephant (-Shaped Curve) in the Room: Economic Development and Regional Inequality in South-West Europe
      by missiaia in NEP-HIS blog on 2018-03-30 03:42:16

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    • N9 - Economic History - - Regional and Urban History
    • O18 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Urban, Rural, Regional, and Transportation Analysis; Housing; Infrastructure
    • R1 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General Regional Economics

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