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Interregional Inequalities, Convergence, and Growth in France from 1840 to 1911


  • Guillaume Bazot


The French tax of the patentes hits non agricultural enterprises in proportion of their expected profitability. We thus use the available statistics about this tax so as to assess the GDP per French department from 1840 to 1910. We give evidence of the accuracy of the device, comparing our figures with those calculated by Toutain for 1860. We then use the data to test inter-département's inequalities and convergence over the period. The inquiry comes up with a robust catching up effect, especially for non-agricultural activities. Further analyses show that ruralurban migration turns out critical to explain the phenomenon.

Suggested Citation

  • Guillaume Bazot, 2014. "Interregional Inequalities, Convergence, and Growth in France from 1840 to 1911," Annals of Economics and Statistics, GENES, issue 113-114, pages 309-345.
  • Handle: RePEc:adr:anecst:y:2014:i:113-114:p:309-345
    DOI: 10.15609/annaeconstat2009.113-114.309

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    Cited by:

    1. Alfonso Díez‐Minguela & Rafael González‐Val & Julio Martinez‐Galarraga & M. Teresa Sanchis & Daniel A. Tirado, 2020. "The long‐term relationship between economic development and regional inequality: South‐West Europe, 1860–2010," Papers in Regional Science, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 99(3), pages 479-508, June.

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