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Interregional Inequalities, Convergence, and Growth in France from 1840 to 1911


  • Guillaume Bazot


The French tax of the patentes hits non agricultural enterprises in proportion of their expected profitability. We thus use the available statistics about this tax so as to assess the GDP per French department from 1840 to 1910. We give evidence of the accuracy of the device, comparing our figures with those calculated by Toutain for 1860. We then use the data to test inter-département's inequalities and convergence over the period. The inquiry comes up with a robust catching up effect, especially for non-agricultural activities. Further analyses show that ruralurban migration turns out critical to explain the phenomenon.

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  • Guillaume Bazot, 2014. "Interregional Inequalities, Convergence, and Growth in France from 1840 to 1911," Annals of Economics and Statistics, GENES, issue 113-114, pages 309-345.
  • Handle: RePEc:adr:anecst:y:2014:i:113-114:p:309-345 DOI: 10.15609/annaeconstat2009.113-114.309

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    1. Beaudry, Paul & Portier, Franck, 2005. "The "news view" of economic fluctuations: Evidence from aggregate Japanese data and sectoral US data," Journal of the Japanese and International Economies, Elsevier, vol. 19(4), pages 635-652, December.
    2. Paul Beaudry & Franck Portier, 2006. "Stock Prices, News, and Economic Fluctuations," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 96(4), pages 1293-1307, September.
    3. Paul Beaudry & Bernd Lucke, 2010. "Letting Different Views about Business Cycles Compete," NBER Chapters,in: NBER Macroeconomics Annual 2009, Volume 24, pages 413-455 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    4. Fève, Patrick & Matheron, Julien & Sahuc, Jean-Guillaume, 2009. "On the dynamic implications of news shocks," Economics Letters, Elsevier, vol. 102(2), pages 96-98, February.
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