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Sovereign Credit Risk Co-Movements in the Eurozone: Simple Interdependence or Contagion?

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  • Manuel Buchholz
  • Lena Tonzer

Abstract

Since the onset of the eurozone sovereign debt crisis, credit risk spreads in Europe have diverged. Despite this divergence, credit risk comoves strongly within certain country groups such as the eurozone periphery. We seek to answer what the determinants of the observed pattern of credit risk co-movements are and whether and during which periods sovereign debt markets have been subject to contagion. We proceed in three steps. First, we apply dynamic conditional correlations from a multivariate GARCH model to sovereign CDS spreads of 17 countries over the period 2008 to 2012. Second, we separate periods of simple interdependence from contagion. Third, we analyze the determinants behind credit risk co-movements and the role of contagion using regression analysis. Our results reveal a high degree of co-movements in sovereign credit risk, especially for eurozone countries during the sovereign debt crisis. We find strong evidence for both fundamentals and nonfundamentals based contagion. Similarities in economic fundamentals, cross-country linkages in banking and common market sentiment play a significant role.
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  • Manuel Buchholz & Lena Tonzer, 2016. "Sovereign Credit Risk Co-Movements in the Eurozone: Simple Interdependence or Contagion?," International Finance, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 19(3), pages 246-268, December.
  • Handle: RePEc:bla:intfin:v:19:y:2016:i:3:p:246-268
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    Cited by:

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    2. Boonlert Jitmaneeroj & John Ogwang, 2016. "An Empirical Analysis of Sovereign Credit Risk Co-movement between Japan and ASEAN Countries," Journal of Economics and Behavioral Studies, AMH International, vol. 8(4), pages 6-16.
    3. Cifarelli, Giulio & Paladino, Giovanna, 2020. "A non-linear analysis of the sovereign bank nexus in the EU," The Journal of Economic Asymmetries, Elsevier, vol. 21(C).
    4. Niţoi, Mihai & Pochea, Maria Miruna, 2019. "What drives European Union stock market co-movements?," Journal of International Money and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 97(C), pages 57-69.
    5. Saker Sabkha & Christian de Peretti & Dorra Hmaied, 2017. "International risk spillover in the sovereign credit markets: An empirical analysis," Working Papers hal-01652526, HAL.
    6. Susana Martins & Cristina Amado, 2018. "Financial Market Contagion and the Sovereign Debt Crisis: A Smooth Transition Approach," NIPE Working Papers 08/2018, NIPE - Universidade do Minho.
    7. Niţoi, Mihai & Pochea, Maria Miruna, 2020. "Time-varying dependence in European equity markets: A contagion and investor sentiment driven analysis," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 86(C), pages 133-147.
    8. Blatt, Dominik & Candelon, Bertrand & Manner, Hans, 2015. "Detecting contagion in a multivariate time series system: An application to sovereign bond markets in Europe," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 59(C), pages 1-13.
    9. repec:mth:ijafr8:v:8:y:2018:i:4:p:115-138 is not listed on IDEAS
    10. Papafilis, Michalis-Panayiotis & Psillaki, Maria & Margaritis, Dimitris, 2015. "Interdependence between Sovereign and Bank CDS Spreads in Eurozone during the European Debt Crisis - The PSI Effect," MPRA Paper 68037, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    11. Vácha, Lukáš & Šmolík, Filip & Baxa, Jaromír, 2019. "Comovement and disintegration of EU sovereign bond markets during the crisis," International Review of Economics & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 64(C), pages 541-556.

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    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • F30 - International Economics - - International Finance - - - General
    • G01 - Financial Economics - - General - - - Financial Crises
    • G15 - Financial Economics - - General Financial Markets - - - International Financial Markets

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