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'By a Silken Thread': regional banking integration and credit reallocation during Japan’s Lost Decade

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  • Mathias Hoffmann
  • Toshihiro Okubo

Abstract

A key benefit from banking integration is that it allows credit to be reallocated to regions with high credit demand. Using the natural experiment of Japan’s lost decade, we show that this reallocation channel mitigated the real effects from the bank liquidity shock in prefectures with many bank-dependent SMEs. To account for the potential endogeneity of banking integration, we exploit the fact that regional segmentation of banking markets in Japan goes back to the institutions set up for silk export finance in the late 19th century. Using silk as an instrument for modern-day regional banking integration, we illustrate how the bias of the OLS estimate can provide information about unobserved cross-regional heterogeneity in bank-firm matches when only aggregate regional data is available. Our results highlight that well-integrated banking markets are important and complementary to bond markets in limiting macroeconomic asymmetries in a monetary union, in particular during major financial crises.

Suggested Citation

  • Mathias Hoffmann & Toshihiro Okubo, 2012. "'By a Silken Thread': regional banking integration and credit reallocation during Japan’s Lost Decade," ECON - Working Papers 102, Department of Economics - University of Zurich, revised May 2021.
  • Handle: RePEc:zur:econwp:102
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    Cited by:

    1. Hoffmann, Mathias & Maslov, Egor & Sørensen, Bent E., 2022. "Small firms and domestic bank dependence in Europe's great recession," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 137(C).
    2. Masaki Nakabayashi, 2014. "Imposed Efficiency of Treaty Ports: Japanese Industrialization and Western Imperialist Institutions," Review of Development Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 18(2), pages 254-271, May.
    3. KAWASHIMA, Toshiki & NAKABAYASHI, Masaki, 2014. "Structural Disposal and Cyclical Adjustment: Non-performing Loans, Structural Transition, and Regulatory Reform in Japan, 1997-2011," ISS Discussion Paper Series (series F) f167, Institute of Social Science, The University of Tokyo, revised 14 Jul 2016.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Japan; Lost Decade; banking integration; regional business cycles; transmission of financial shocks; bank lending channel; firm-borrowing channel; reallocation channel; internal capital markets; monetary union;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • F36 - International Economics - - International Finance - - - Financial Aspects of Economic Integration
    • F40 - International Economics - - Macroeconomic Aspects of International Trade and Finance - - - General
    • G01 - Financial Economics - - General - - - Financial Crises
    • N15 - Economic History - - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics; Industrial Structure; Growth; Fluctuations - - - Asia including Middle East
    • N25 - Economic History - - Financial Markets and Institutions - - - Asia including Middle East

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