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The Challenge of Youth Unemployment

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  • Niall O'Higgins

    (CELPE & CSEF, Dipartimento di Scienze Economiche e Statistiche, Università di Salerno)

Abstract

This paper presents an overview of the youth unemployment problem and youth employment policy principally from the European perspective although it is hoped that much of the coment and analysis is relevant for a much broader range of countries. Its intention is to raise issues rather than provide a blueprint for policy. In the first part, which considers the nature and caiuses of youth unemployment, it is shown thatbthe basic cause of youth unemployment is insufficient aggregate demand rather than high youth wages or the size of the youth cohort, and suggests that a successful strategy for dealing with this problem must take this into account. In the second section, dealing principally with the examples of the UK and Germany, a number of factors are identified which influence the effectiveness of youth employment policy. IN particular, it is found that precise targetting of programmes and the involvement of employers' and workers' organisations as well as government in the design and implementation of policy are both important determinants of an effective policy.

Suggested Citation

  • Niall O'Higgins, 2005. "The Challenge of Youth Unemployment," Labor and Demography 0507003, EconWPA.
  • Handle: RePEc:wpa:wuwpla:0507003
    Note: Type of Document - pdf; pages: 77. ILO, Employment & Training Papers no. 7, 1997. A briefer version has also been published in the International Review of Social Security, Vol. 50, no. 4, pp. 63-93, 1997.
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    File URL: https://econwpa.ub.uni-muenchen.de/econ-wp/lab/papers/0507/0507003.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Sergio de Nardis & Massimo Mancini & Carmine Pappalardo, 2003. "Regolazione del mercato del lavoro e crescita dimensionale delle imprese: Una verifica sull'effetto soglia dei 15 dipendenti," ISAE Working Papers 38, ISTAT - Italian National Institute of Statistics - (Rome, ITALY).
    2. Caruso, Raul & Schneider, Friedrich, 2011. "The socio-economic determinants of terrorism and political violence in Western Europe (1994–2007)," European Journal of Political Economy, Elsevier, vol. 27(S1), pages 37-49.
    3. Kolev, Alexandre & Saget, Catherine, 2005. "Towards a better understanding of the nature, causes and consequences of youth labor market disadvantage: evidence for South-East Europe," Social Protection and Labor Policy and Technical Notes 32544, The World Bank.
    4. Hou, Xiaohui, 2011. "Challenges for youth employment in Pakistan : are they youth-specific ?," Policy Research Working Paper Series 5544, The World Bank.
    5. Rıza BAYRAK & Halim TATLI, 2016. "Short and long term analysis of some factors effecting youth unemployment in Turkey," Theoretical and Applied Economics, Asociatia Generala a Economistilor din Romania - AGER, vol. 0(3(608), A), pages 229-242, Autumn.
    6. Olga Demidova & Marcello Signorelli, 2010. "The Impact of Crises on Youth Unemployment of Russian Regions: An Empirical Analysis," Quaderni del Dipartimento di Economia, Finanza e Statistica 78/2010, Università di Perugia, Dipartimento Economia.
    7. Cristiano Perugini & Marcello Signorelli, 2010. "Youth labour market performance in European regions," Economic Change and Restructuring, Springer, vol. 43(2), pages 151-185, May.
    8. Misbah Tanveer Choudhry & Enrico Marelli & Marcello Signorelli, 2012. "Youth unemployment rate and impact of financial crises," International Journal of Manpower, Emerald Group Publishing, vol. 33(1), pages 76-95, March.
    9. Oliver Hutengs & Georg Stadtmann, 2014. "Don’t trust anybody over 30: youth unemployment and Okun’s law in CEE countries," Bank i Kredyt, Narodowy Bank Polski, vol. 45(1), pages 1-16.
    10. O'Higgins, Niall, 2001. "Youth unemployment and employment policy: a global perspective," MPRA Paper 23698, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    11. Misbah Tanveer Choudhry & Enrico Marelli & Marcello Signorelli, 2010. "The Impact of Financial Crises on Youth Unemployment Rate," Quaderni del Dipartimento di Economia, Finanza e Statistica 79/2010, Università di Perugia, Dipartimento Economia.
    12. Quintini, Glenda & Martin, John P. & Martin, Sébastien, 2007. "The Changing Nature of the School-to-Work Transition Process in OECD Countries," IZA Discussion Papers 2582, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
    13. L.Guarcello & M. Manacorda & F. Rosati & J. Fares & S.Lyon & C. Valdivia, 2005. "School-to-Work Transitions in Sub-Saharan Africa: An overview," UCW Working Paper 15, Understanding Children's Work (UCW Programme).
    14. Tattara, Giuseppe & Valentini, Marco, 2008. "Can employment subsidies and greater labour market flexibility increase job opportunities for youth? Revisiting the Italian On-the-job Training Program," MPRA Paper 10370, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    15. Artner, Annamária, 2013. "A fiatalok munkanélküliségének kérdéséhez Európa példáján keresztül
      [Contribution to the problem of the youth unemployment through the example of Europe]
      ," Közgazdasági Szemle (Economic Review - monthly of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences), Közgazdasági Szemle Alapítvány (Economic Review Foundation), vol. 0(12), pages 1370-1392.
    16. Rıza BAYRAK & Halim TATLI, 2016. "Short and long term analysis of some factors effecting youth unemployment in Turkey," Theoretical and Applied Economics, Asociatia Generala a Economistilor din Romania - AGER, vol. 0(3(608), A), pages 229-242, Autumn.
    17. Wamuthenya, W.R., 2010. "To what extent can disparities in compositional and structural factors account for the gender gap in unemployment in the urban areas of Kenya?," ISS Working Papers - General Series 19752, International Institute of Social Studies of Erasmus University Rotterdam (ISS), The Hague.
    18. Niall O’Higgins, 2004. "Recent Trends in Youth Labour Markets and Youth Employment Policy in Europe and Central Asia," CELPE Discussion Papers 85, CELPE - Centre of Labour Economics and Economic Policy, University of Salerno, Italy.
    19. O'Higgins, Niall, 2012. "This Time It's Different? Youth Labour Markets During 'The Great Recession'," IZA Discussion Papers 6434, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).

    More about this item

    Keywords

    youth unemployment; youth employment policy;

    JEL classification:

    • J24 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Human Capital; Skills; Occupational Choice; Labor Productivity
    • J64 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Mobility, Unemployment, Vacancies, and Immigrant Workers - - - Unemployment: Models, Duration, Incidence, and Job Search

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