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Returns from income strategies in rural Poland

Author

Listed:
  • Jan Fałkowski

    (Faculty of Economic Sciences, University of Warsaw)

  • Maciej Jakubowski

    (Faculty of Economic Sciences, University of Warsaw)

  • Paweł Strawiński

    (Faculty of Economic Sciences, University of Warsaw)

Abstract

In Poland, rural households are encouraged to diversify their activities both in and outside the agricultural sector in order to stabilize and improve their income. However, relatively few households appear to do this. This paper addresses this issue, investigating the returns from the income strategies of rural households using propensity score matching methods and extensive data sets for 1998–2008. The results suggest that returns from combining farm and off-farm activities are lower than returns from specialization, namely, concentrating on either farming or off-farm activities. The income difference between farmers and those who combine farming and off-farm activities increased after Poland joined the European Union.

Suggested Citation

  • Jan Fałkowski & Maciej Jakubowski & Paweł Strawiński, 2011. "Returns from income strategies in rural Poland," Working Papers 2011-05, Faculty of Economic Sciences, University of Warsaw.
  • Handle: RePEc:war:wpaper:2011-05
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    File URL: http://www.wne.uw.edu.pl/inf/wyd/WP/WNE_WP45.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Janda Karel & Rausser Gordon & Strielkowski Wadim, 2013. "Determinants of Profitability of Polish Rural Micro-Enterprises at the Time of EU Accession," Eastern European Countryside, Sciendo, vol. 19, pages 177-217, December.
    2. Jan Fałkowski & Agata Malak-Rawlikowska & Dominika Milczarek-Andrzejewska, 2013. "Determinants and Consequences of Participating in a Restructured Supply Chain: the Experience of the Dairy Sector in Poland," Ekonomia journal, Faculty of Economic Sciences, University of Warsaw, vol. 34.
    3. Janda, Karel & Strielkowski, Wadim & Rausser, Gordon, 2013. "Determinants of profitability of Polish rural micro-enterprises," MPRA Paper 52771, University Library of Munich, Germany.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Income diversification; rural areas; propensity score matching; Poland;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • D31 - Microeconomics - - Distribution - - - Personal Income and Wealth Distribution
    • O15 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Economic Development: Human Resources; Human Development; Income Distribution; Migration
    • Q12 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Agriculture - - - Micro Analysis of Farm Firms, Farm Households, and Farm Input Markets

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