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Agricultural Adjustment And The Diversification Of Farm Households In Central Europe

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  • Chaplin, Hannah
  • Davidova, Sophia
  • Gorton, Matthew

Abstract

Survey evidence from three Central European Countries (Czech Republic, Hungary and Poland) is analysed to identify the degree of non-agricultural farm diversification and the factors facilitating or impeding it in individual farms. The effect of diversification on rural job creation is investigated. The results indicate that the level of diversification is relatively small and enterprise diversification by farmers is unlikely to generate sufficient new jobs and solve the problem of high rural unemployment. The attempt to transpose the Western European model of agricultural diversification to the acceding countries via the SAPARD programme is questionable, as non-farm centric rural policies appear to be more appropriate.

Suggested Citation

  • Chaplin, Hannah & Davidova, Sophia & Gorton, Matthew, 2003. "Agricultural Adjustment And The Diversification Of Farm Households In Central Europe," 2003 Annual Meeting, August 16-22, 2003, Durban, South Africa 25843, International Association of Agricultural Economists.
  • Handle: RePEc:ags:iaae03:25843
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    File URL: http://ageconsearch.umn.edu/record/25843/files/cp03ch02.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Huffman, Wallace E, 1980. "Farm and Off-Farm Work Decisions: The Role of Human Capital," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 62(1), pages 14-23, February.
    2. Ashok K. Mishra & Barry K. Goodwin, 1997. "Farm Income Variability and the Supply of Off-Farm Labor," American Journal of Agricultural Economics, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association, vol. 79(3), pages 880-887.
    3. McInerney, John & Turner, Martin, 1991. "Patterns, Performance and Prospects in Farm Diversification," Department of Agricultural Economics Archive 260465, University of Exeter.
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    Cited by:

    1. Pilar, Ladislav & Pokorna, J. & Balcarová, T. & Hron, Jan, 2012. "Factors Determining the Entry of Agricultural Farms into Agritourism," AGRIS on-line Papers in Economics and Informatics, Czech University of Life Sciences Prague, Faculty of Economics and Management, vol. 0(Number 4), pages 1-7, December.
    2. Zvyagintsev, Dmitry & Shick, Olga & Serova, Eugenia & Lerman, Zvi, 2007. "Diversification of rural incomes and non-farm rural employment: evidence from Russia," 104th Seminar, September 5-8, 2007, Budapest, Hungary 7846, European Association of Agricultural Economists.
    3. Wang, Xiaobing, 2007. "Labor market behavior of Chinese rural households during transition," Studies on the Agricultural and Food Sector in Transition Economies, Leibniz Institute of Agricultural Development in Transition Economies (IAMO), volume 42, number 92321.
    4. Glauben, Thomas & Herzfeld, Thomas & Wang, Xiaobing, 2008. "Labor market participation of Chinese agricultural households: Empirical evidence from Zhejiang province," Food Policy, Elsevier, vol. 33(4), pages 329-340, August.
    5. Jan Fałkowski & Maciej Jakubowski & Paweł Strawiński, 2014. "Returns from income strategies in rural Poland," The Economics of Transition, The European Bank for Reconstruction and Development, vol. 22(1), pages 139-178, January.
    6. Fritzsch, Jana, 2011. "A Composite Fuzzy Indicator for Assessing Farm Household Potential for Non-farm Income Diversification," 2011 International Congress, August 30-September 2, 2011, Zurich, Switzerland 114349, European Association of Agricultural Economists.
    7. Bachev, Hrabrin, 2012. "Farm diversification and market inclusion in East Europe and Central Asia," MPRA Paper 38683, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    8. Hans Karl Wytrzens (ed.) & Joseph Edward B. Alegado & Veronika Brecklová & Marcin Chciałowski & Veronika Eretová & Ian Merrell & Petra Šeráková, 2016. "Key Challenges in Rural Development: Bringing economics, management and social sciences into practice - ELLS Summer School Proceedings," Working Papers 672016, Institute for Sustainable Economic Development, Department of Economics and Social Sciences, University of Natural Resources and Life Sciences, Vienna.
    9. Hubbard, Carmen & Gorton, Matthew & Hubbard, Lionel, 2007. "The Introduction of EU Rural Development Policy in Central and Eastern Europe," 100th Seminar, June 21-23, 2007, Novi Sad, Serbia and Montenegro 162405, European Association of Agricultural Economists.
    10. Brosig, Stephan & Glauben, Thomas & Herzfeld, Thomas & Wang, Xiaobing, 2009. "Persistence of full- and part-time farming in Southern China," EconStor Open Access Articles, ZBW - German National Library of Economics, pages 360-371.
    11. Lakner, Sebastian & Kirchweger, Stefan & Hoop, Daniel & Brümmer, Bernhard & Kantelhardt, Jochen, 2015. "Impact of diversification on technical efficiency of organic farming in Switzerland, Austria and Southern Germany," DARE Discussion Papers 1508, Georg-August University of Göttingen, Department of Agricultural Economics and Rural Development (DARE).
    12. repec:gam:jsusta:v:10:y:2018:i:4:p:1304-:d:142759 is not listed on IDEAS
    13. Biancamaria Torquati & Costanza Tancini & Chiara Paffarini & Roberta Illuminati, 2015. "Empirical survey on business models of kindergarten farms," Agricultural and Food Economics, Springer;Italian Society of Agricultural Economics (SIDEA), vol. 3(1), pages 1-13, December.
    14. Marianna Markantoni & Sierdjan Koster & Dirk Strijker, 2014. "Side-activity entrepreneur: lifestyle or economically oriented?," Chapters,in: Agglomeration, Clusters and Entrepreneurship, chapter 7, pages 132-156 Edward Elgar Publishing.
    15. Rodić, Vesna & Bošnjak, Danica & Janković, Dejan & Karapandžin, Jelena, 2013. "Demographic Characteristics Of Rural Populations In Vojvodina As A Factor Of Rural Economy Diversification," 50th Anniversary Seminar, Agriculture and Rural Development -Challenges of Transition and Integration Processes, September 27, 2013 161797, University of Belgrade, Department of Agricultural Economics, Faculty of Agriculture.
    16. repec:gam:jsusta:v:9:y:2017:i:7:p:1168-:d:103543 is not listed on IDEAS
    17. Nazish KANWAL & Muhammad Ammad KHAN & Zhihao ZHENG, 2016. "Analyzing the determinants of non-farm income diversification of farm households in Peshawar district of Pakistan," Timisoara Journal of Economics and Business, West University of Timisoara, Romania, Faculty of Economics and Business Administration, vol. 9(1), pages 33-48, June.
    18. Hannah Chaplin & Sophia Davidova & Matthew Gorton, 2005. "Impediments to Employment and Enterprise Diversification: evidence from small-scale farms in Poland," The Institute for International Integration Studies Discussion Paper Series iiisdp102, IIIS.
    19. Fritzsch, Jana & Wegener, Stefan & Buchenrieder, Gertrud & Curtiss, Jarmila & Paloma, Sergio Gomez y, 2011. "Is there a future for semi-subsistence farm households in Central and southeastern Europe? A multiobjective linear programming approach," Journal of Policy Modeling, Elsevier, vol. 33(1), pages 70-91, January.
    20. Bład, Marta, 2014. "Pluriactivities On Family Farms," Village and Agriculture (Wieś i Rolnictwo), Polish Academy of Sciences (IRWiR PAN), Institute of Rural and Agricultural Development, vol. 0(Number 16).
    21. Tatiana Tikhonova & Olga Shik, 2008. "Alternative Employment in Rural Area in Russia," Research Paper Series, Gaidar Institute for Economic Policy, issue 114P, pages 224-224.
    22. Stephan Brosig & Thomas Glauben & Thomas Herzfeld & Scott Rozelle & Xiaobing Wang, 2007. "The dynamics of Chinese rural households' participation in labor markets," Agricultural Economics, International Association of Agricultural Economists, vol. 37(2-3), pages 167-178, September.
    23. Doucha Tomáš & Štolbová Marie & Lekešová Michaela, 2012. "Assessment of support for farms in the Czech less favoured areas with special regards to cattle breeding," European Countryside, Sciendo, vol. 4(3), pages 179-191, January.
    24. Schnicke, Hauke Joachim & Happe, Kathrin & Sahrbacher, Christoph & Kellermann, Konrad, 2008. "Exploring The Role Of Succession Patterns In Central And Eastern European'S Dualistic Farm Structures," 107th Seminar, January 30-February 1, 2008, Sevilla, Spain 6668, European Association of Agricultural Economists.
    25. Frantisek Strelecek, "undated". "Selected Problems of Small Municipalities Financing From Sapard Scheme," Regional and Urban Modeling 283600092, EcoMod.

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