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Economy Wide Spillovers From Booms: Long Distance Commuting and the Spread of Wage Effects

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  • Green, David
  • Morissette, Rene
  • Sand, Benjamin M.

Abstract

Since 2000, US real average wages have either stagnated or declined while Canadian average wages increased by almost 10%. We investigate the role of the Canadian resource boom in explaining this difference. We construct a model of wage setting that allows for spillover effects of a resource boom on wages in non-resource intensive locations and formulate an empirical specification based on that model. A key feature of this (and other) resource booms was the prevalence of long distance commuting - working in a resource location but residing in another community. The core idea in our model is that the expansion of the value of the commuting option during the boom allowed non-commuters to bargain higher wages. We find that wages do rise in areas with more long distance commuting. Combining these spillover effects with bargaining spillover effects in resource boom locations, we can account for 49% of the increase in the real mean wage in Canada between 2000 and 2012. We find similar effects of long distance commuting on wages in the US but the resource boom was less salient in the US and the effect on wages was one-tenth of that in Canada. Our results have implications for other papers measuring the impacts of resource booms on wages in surrounding areas. Our main finding is that long-distance commuting can integrate regions in a way that spreads the benefits and costs of a boom across the economy.

Suggested Citation

  • Green, David & Morissette, Rene & Sand, Benjamin M., 2017. "Economy Wide Spillovers From Booms: Long Distance Commuting and the Spread of Wage Effects," Microeconomics.ca working papers -2017-7, Vancouver School of Economics, revised 21 Jun 2017.
  • Handle: RePEc:ubc:pmicro:-2017-7
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    4. Simona E. Cociuba & James C. MacGee, 2018. "Demographics and Sectoral Reallocations: A Search Theory with Immobile Workers," University of Western Ontario, Departmental Research Report Series 20182, University of Western Ontario, Department of Economics.
    5. Alfaro-Urena, Alonso & Manelici, Isabela & Vasquez, Jose P, 2019. "The Effects of Multinationals on Workers: Evidence from Costa Rica," Institute for Research on Labor and Employment, Working Paper Series qt51r419w9, Institute of Industrial Relations, UC Berkeley.
    6. Green, David & Kesselman, Jonathan Rhys & Tedds, Lindsay M., 2021. "Covering All the Basics: Reforms for a More Just Society," MPRA Paper 105902, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    7. Joao Galindo da Fonseca & Charles Berubé, 2020. "Spouses, Children and Entrepreneurship," Cahiers de recherche 05-2020, Centre interuniversitaire de recherche en économie quantitative, CIREQ.
    8. Amior, Michael & Manning, Alan, 2019. "Commuting, migration and local joblessness," LSE Research Online Documents on Economics 102745, London School of Economics and Political Science, LSE Library.
    9. Zabek, Mike, 2018. "Local Ties in Spatial Equilibrium," SocArXiv rpq5z, Center for Open Science.
    10. Alonso Alfaro Urena & Isabela Manelici & Jose P. Vasquez, 2021. "The Effects of Multinationals on Workers: Evidence from Costa Rican Microdata," Working Papers 285, Princeton University, Department of Economics, Center for Economic Policy Studies..
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Wages; Resource Boom; Inequality;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • J30 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Wages, Compensation, and Labor Costs - - - General

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