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Economy-Wide Spillovers from Booms: Long-Distance Commuting and the Spread of Wage Effects

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  • David A. Green
  • René Morissette
  • Ben M. Sand
  • Iain Snoddy

Abstract

Since 2000, US real average wages stagnated or declined while Canadian wages increased. We investigate the role of the Canadian resource boom in explaining this difference. We focus on wage spillovers to nonresource workers through a bargaining channel. We find that long-distance commuting to resource regions had substantial spillover effects on noncommuters in sending regions. Through spillovers, we account for 49% of the increase in the real mean wage in Canada between 2000 and 2012. We also find long-distance commuting effects in the United States. We conclude that long-distance commuting integrates regions, spreading benefits and costs of booms across the economy.

Suggested Citation

  • David A. Green & René Morissette & Ben M. Sand & Iain Snoddy, 2019. "Economy-Wide Spillovers from Booms: Long-Distance Commuting and the Spread of Wage Effects," Journal of Labor Economics, University of Chicago Press, vol. 37(S2), pages 643-687.
  • Handle: RePEc:ucp:jlabec:doi:10.1086/703362
    DOI: 10.1086/703362
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    Cited by:

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    2. Winters, John V. & Cai, Zhengyu & Maguire, Karen & Sengupta, Shruti, 2019. "Do Workers Benefit from Resource Booms in Their Home State? Evidence from the Fracking Era," GLO Discussion Paper Series 400, Global Labor Organization (GLO).
    3. Christian Dustmann & Hyejin Ku & Tanya Surovtseva, 2021. "Real Exchange Rates and the Earnings of Immigrants," CReAM Discussion Paper Series 2110, Centre for Research and Analysis of Migration (CReAM), Department of Economics, University College London.
    4. Green, David & Kesselman, Jonathan Rhys & Tedds, Lindsay M., 2021. "Covering All the Basics: Reforms for a More Just Society," MPRA Paper 105902, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    5. Gittings, R. Kaj & Roach, Travis, 2020. "Who Benefits from a Resource Boom? Evidence from the Marcellus and Utica Shale Plays," Energy Economics, Elsevier, vol. 87(C).

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    JEL classification:

    • J30 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Wages, Compensation, and Labor Costs - - - General

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