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Sanctioned to Death? The Impact of Economic Sanctions on Life Expectancy and its Gender Gap

Listed author(s):
  • Jerg Gutmann
  • Matthias Neuenkirch
  • Florian Neumeier

In this paper, we empirically analyze the effect of UN and US economic sanctions on life expectancy and its gender gap in target countries. Our sample covers 98 less developed and newly industrialized countries over the period 1977–2012. We employ a matching approach to account for the endogeneity of sanctions. Our results indicate that an av-erage episode of UN sanctions reduces life expectancy by about 1.2–1.4 years. The cor-responding decrease of 0.4–0.5 years under an average episode of US sanctions is sig-nificantly smaller. However, these average effects hide the fact that the reduction in life expectancy accumulates over time; with every additional year under UN (US) sanctions the size of the adverse effect on life expectancy increases by 0.3 (0.2) years. We find evidence that women are affected more severely by the imposition of sanctions. That sanctions are not “gender-blind” can be interpreted as evidence that they dispropor-tionately affect (the life expectancy of) the more vulnerable members of society.

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File URL: http://www.uni-trier.de/fileadmin/fb4/prof/VWL/EWF/Research_Papers/2017-06.pdf
File Function: Second version, 2017
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Paper provided by University of Trier, Department of Economics in its series Research Papers in Economics with number 2017-06.

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Length: 38 pages
Date of creation: 2017
Handle: RePEc:trr:wpaper:201706
Contact details of provider: Postal:
B IV, VWL, D-54286 Trier

Phone: +49 (0) 651 201-2739
Fax: +49 (0) 651 201-3934
Web page: http://www.uni-trier.de/index.php?id=2118

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