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Income Shocks and HIV in Africa

  • Burke, Marshall
  • Gong, Erick
  • Jones, Kelly M.

We examine how variation in local economic conditions has shaped the AIDS epidemic in Africa. Using data from over 200,000 individuals across 19 countries, we match biomarker data on individuals' HIV status to information on local rainfall shocks, a large source of variation in income for rural households. We estimate that infection rates in HIV-endemic rural areas increase by 11% for every recent drought, an effect that is statistically and economically significant. Income shocks explain up to 20% of the variation in HIV prevalence across African countries, suggesting policy approaches for HIV prevention that are distinct from existing efforts.

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File URL: https://mpra.ub.uni-muenchen.de/55392/1/MPRA_paper_55392.pdf
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Paper provided by University Library of Munich, Germany in its series MPRA Paper with number 55392.

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Date of creation: 2013
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Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:55392
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