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How Do Women Weather Economic Shocks? What We Know

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  • Sabarwal, Shwetlena

    () (World Bank)

  • Sinha, Nistha

    () (World Bank)

  • Buvinic, Mayra

    () (World Bank)

Abstract

Do women weather economic shocks differently than men?1 First-round impacts of economic crises on women’s employment should be more prominent in this recent economic downturn than historically because of women’s increased participation in the globalized workforce. Second-round impacts result from the strategies that vulnerable households use to cope with declining income, which can vary by gender. In the past, women from low-income households have typically entered the labor force, while women from high-income households have often exited the labor market in response to economic crises. Evidence also suggests that women defer fertility during economic crises and that child schooling and child survival are adversely affected, mainly in low-income countries, with girls suffering more adverse health effects than boys. These impacts underscore the need for providing income to women in poor countries to help households better cope with the effects of economic shocks.

Suggested Citation

  • Sabarwal, Shwetlena & Sinha, Nistha & Buvinic, Mayra, 2011. "How Do Women Weather Economic Shocks? What We Know," World Bank - Economic Premise, The World Bank, issue 46, pages 1-6, January.
  • Handle: RePEc:wbk:prmecp:ep46
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Julio J. Guzman, 2016. "Social protection during recessions: evidence from Chile," Journal of Economic Policy Reform, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 19(4), pages 348-368, October.
    2. Inés P. Murillo & Hipólito Simón, 2014. "La Gran Recesión y el diferencial salarial por género en España," Hacienda Pública Española, IEF, vol. 208(1), pages 39-76, March.
    3. Sarah Xue Dong, 2017. "The differential impact of economic crisis on men and women, and its connection to intrahousehold bargaining," WIDER Working Paper Series 134, World Institute for Development Economic Research (UNU-WIDER).
    4. Cho, Yoonyoung & Newhouse, David, 2013. "How Did the Great Recession Affect Different Types of Workers? Evidence from 17 Middle-Income Countries," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 41(C), pages 31-50.
    5. Landefeld, John C. & Burmaster, Katharine B. & Rehkopf, David H. & Syme, S. Leonard & Lahiff, Maureen & Adler-Milstein, Sarah & Fernald, Lia C.H., 2014. "The association between a living wage and subjective social status and self-rated health: A quasi-experimental study in the Dominican Republic," Social Science & Medicine, Elsevier, vol. 121(C), pages 91-97.
    6. Sarosh Sattar, 2011. "Opportunities for Men and Women : Emerging Europe and Central Asia," World Bank Other Operational Studies 2800, The World Bank.
    7. Lina Gálvez-Muñoz & Paula Rodríguez-Modroño & Tindara Addabbo, 2013. "The impact of European Union austerity policy on women's work in Southern Europe," Center for the Analysis of Public Policies (CAPP) 0108, Universita di Modena e Reggio Emilia, Dipartimento di Economia "Marco Biagi".
    8. Tindara Addabbo & Paula Rodríguez-Modroño & Lina Gálvez-Muñoz, 2013. "Gender and the Great Recession: Changes in labour supply in Spain," Department of Economics (DEMB) 0010, University of Modena and Reggio Emilia, Department of Economics "Marco Biagi".
    9. Jerg Gutmann & Matthias Neuenkirch & Florian Neumeier, 2017. "Sanctioned to Death? The Impact of Economic Sanctions on Life Expectancy and its Gender Gap," Research Papers in Economics 2017-06, University of Trier, Department of Economics.
    10. World Bank, 2011. "Emerging Europe and Central Asia - Opportunities for men and women," World Bank Other Operational Studies 2820, The World Bank.
    11. Lina Gálvez, 2013. "Una lectura feminista del austericidio," Revista de Economía Crítica, Asociación de Economía Crítica, vol. 15, pages 80-110.
    12. Ambar Narayan & Carolina Sánchez-Páramo, 2012. "Knowing, When You Do Not Know : Simulating the Poverty and Distributional Impacts of an Economic Crisis," World Bank Publications, The World Bank, number 2229.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    gender; labor; employment; recession; remittances; fertility; infant mortality; schooling; health; economic shocks;

    JEL classification:

    • J1 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics
    • J10 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - General
    • J11 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Demographic Trends, Macroeconomic Effects, and Forecasts
    • J13 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Fertility; Family Planning; Child Care; Children; Youth
    • J16 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Economics of Gender; Non-labor Discrimination

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