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Conditions at work: how actual and expected working conditions drive perception

Author

Listed:
  • Simona Cicognani

    () (Department of Economics, University of Verona, Italy; The Rimini Centre for Economic Analysis)

  • Martina Cioni

    () (Department of Economics and Statistics, University of Siena, Italy)

  • Marco Savioli

    () (Department of Economics, University of Salento, Italy; The Rimini Centre for Economic Analysis)

Abstract

Working conditions exert a major influence on accidents and illnesses at work as well as on job satisfaction and health, yet very little research has examined the determinants of working conditions. By exploiting the Italian Labour Force Survey, this paper provides evidence on the underlying factors affecting working conditions. It provides a behavioural interpretation of the results, which stems from the discrepancy between actual and expected working conditions. Workers declare their perceived working conditions influenced by the difference between the actual and the expected working conditions. Variables concerning personal characteristics, such as gender, education and being employed in the first job, shift expectations about working conditions and accordingly perceived working conditions. On the contrary, variables related to work characteristics, such as working full time, with shifts and in a large place, affect actual and thus perceived working conditions (negatively).

Suggested Citation

  • Simona Cicognani & Martina Cioni & Marco Savioli, 2017. "Conditions at work: how actual and expected working conditions drive perception," Working Paper series 17-17, Rimini Centre for Economic Analysis.
  • Handle: RePEc:rim:rimwps:17-17
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    File URL: http://www.rcea.org/RePEc/pdf/wp17-17.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Working conditions; Expectations; Perceptions; Actual conditions; Job satisfaction;

    JEL classification:

    • D84 - Microeconomics - - Information, Knowledge, and Uncertainty - - - Expectations; Speculations
    • J24 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Human Capital; Skills; Occupational Choice; Labor Productivity
    • J28 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Safety; Job Satisfaction; Related Public Policy

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