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Oil Prices and Exchange Rate with Impact of Pre-Dollar and Post-Dollar Regime Dummies

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  • Ahmed, Syed Shujaat

Abstract

This study explains the relationship between oil prices and exchange rate of Pakistan in the time when Pakistan didn’t adopt for dollar and when Pakistan adopted for dollar as standard currency. By following the approach used by (Meese and Rogoff, 1988) and (Throop,1993) Interest Rate Parity has been used to construct a model by using exchange rate of Pakistan, Dubai crude oil price and interest rate differential from period of 1970m-1 to 2017m05. Results of the analysis shows that all variable are found to be integrated at level after application of Bealieu and Miron Seasonal Unit Root test. Results of the relationship between oil prices and exchange rate show that oil price is impacting exchange rate positively, while interest rate differential is negatively influencing the exchange rate. While examining the results for impact of change in regime on exchange rate, structural shifts were prominent during managed floating regime and floating regime which were causing Changes in the exchange rate policies.

Suggested Citation

  • Ahmed, Syed Shujaat, 2019. "Oil Prices and Exchange Rate with Impact of Pre-Dollar and Post-Dollar Regime Dummies," MPRA Paper 92313, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  • Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:92313
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    File URL: https://mpra.ub.uni-muenchen.de/92313/1/MPRA_paper_92313.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Lutz Kilian, 2008. "The Economic Effects of Energy Price Shocks," Journal of Economic Literature, American Economic Association, vol. 46(4), pages 871-909, December.
    2. Joseph Beaulieu, J. & Miron, Jeffrey A., 1993. "Seasonal unit roots in aggregate U.S. data," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 55(1-2), pages 305-328.
    3. Bodenstein, Martin & Erceg, Christopher J. & Guerrieri, Luca, 2011. "Oil shocks and external adjustment," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 83(2), pages 168-184, March.
    4. Li, Kui-Wai & Wong, Douglas K T, 2011. "The Exchange Rate and Interest Rate Differential Relationship: Evidence from Two Financial Crises," MPRA Paper 35297, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    5. Hasanov, Fakhri, 2010. "The impact of real oil price on real effective exchange rate: The case of Azerbaijan," MPRA Paper 33493, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    6. Hamilton, James D, 1989. "A New Approach to the Economic Analysis of Nonstationary Time Series and the Business Cycle," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 57(2), pages 357-384, March.
    7. Coudert, Virginie & Couharde, Cécile & Mignon, Valérie, 2015. "On the impact of volatility on the real exchange rate – terms of trade nexus: Revisiting commodity currencies," Journal of International Money and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 58(C), pages 110-127.
    8. Corden, W M, 1984. "Booming Sector and Dutch Disease Economics: Survey and Consolidation," Oxford Economic Papers, Oxford University Press, vol. 36(3), pages 359-380, November.
    9. Syed Shujaat AHMED & Abdul QAYYUM, 2016. "The Effect of Oil Prices and Regime Switches On Real Effective Exchange Rate in Pakistan: A Markov Regime Switching Approach," Journal of Economics Library, KSP Journals, vol. 3(4), pages 643-661, December.
    10. Philip Hans Franses & Bart Hobijn, 1997. "Critical values for unit root tests in seasonal time series," Journal of Applied Statistics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 24(1), pages 25-48.
    11. Meese, R. & Rogoff, K., 1988. "Was It Real? The Exchange Rate-Interest Differential Ralation Over The Modern Floating-Rate Period," Working papers 368, Wisconsin Madison - Social Systems.
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Interest rate parity; exchange rate regime; regime switching; structural shift ; Dubai crude oil price.;

    JEL classification:

    • E43 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Money and Interest Rates - - - Interest Rates: Determination, Term Structure, and Effects
    • F0 - International Economics - - General
    • Z0 - Other Special Topics - - General

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