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Industry-level Econometric Estimates of Energy-Capital-Labor Substitution with a Nested CES Production Function

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  • Yazid Dissou

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  • Lilia Karnizova

    ()

  • Qian Sun

    ()

Abstract

Despite substantial interest in the role of energy in the economy, the degree of substitutability between energy and other production inputs and the way energy should be included in the production function remain unresolved issues. This study provides industry-level parameter estimates of two-level constant elasticity of substitution (CES) functions that include capital, labor and energy inputs and allow for technological change, for Canada. In contrast to many existing studies, we do not impose prior restrictions on the order of input nesting, and we report the estimates for three possible specifications. We find that a nested production structure, which first combines labor and energy into a composite good that is then combined with capital, fits the Canadian data best, in terms of respecting the restrictions imposed by cost minimization. We also find rather low elasticities of substitution between capital and labor, and limited evidence of exogenous technological change. Copyright International Atlantic Economic Society 2015

Suggested Citation

  • Yazid Dissou & Lilia Karnizova & Qian Sun, 2015. "Industry-level Econometric Estimates of Energy-Capital-Labor Substitution with a Nested CES Production Function," Atlantic Economic Journal, Springer;International Atlantic Economic Society, vol. 43(1), pages 107-121, March.
  • Handle: RePEc:kap:atlecj:v:43:y:2015:i:1:p:107-121
    DOI: 10.1007/s11293-014-9443-1
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    Cited by:

    1. Frédéric Reynès, 2017. "The Cobb-Douglas function as a flexible function. Analysing the substitution between capital, labor and energy," Documents de Travail de l'OFCE 2017-12, Observatoire Francais des Conjonctures Economiques (OFCE).
    2. Siddiqui, Muhammad Shahid, 2015. "Environmental taxes and international spillovers: The case of a small open economy," Energy Economics, Elsevier, vol. 48(C), pages 70-80.
    3. Böhringer, Christoph & Rivers, Nicholas & Yonezawa, Hidemichi, 2016. "Vertical fiscal externalities and the environment," Journal of Environmental Economics and Management, Elsevier, vol. 77(C), pages 51-74.
    4. Beck, Marisa & Rivers, Nicholas & Wigle, Randall & Yonezawa, Hidemichi, 2015. "Carbon tax and revenue recycling: Impacts on households in British Columbia," Resource and Energy Economics, Elsevier, vol. 41(C), pages 40-69.
    5. Christoph Böhringer & Nicholas Rivers & Thomas Rutherford & Randall Wigle, 2015. "Sharing the burden for climate change mitigation in the Canadian federation," Canadian Journal of Economics, Canadian Economics Association, vol. 48(4), pages 1350-1380, November.
    6. Satoshi Nakano & Kazuhiko Nishimura, 2017. "Structural propagation in a production network with restoring substitution elasticities," Papers 1701.02216, arXiv.org, revised Apr 2018.
    7. Jared C. Carbone & Nicholas Rivers & Akio Yamazaki & Hidemichi Yonezawa, 2018. "Comparing applied general equilibrium and econometric estimates of the effect of an environmental policy shock," Working Papers 2018-02, Colorado School of Mines, Division of Economics and Business.
    8. Paul E. Brockway & Matthew K. Heun & João Santos & John R. Barrett, 2017. "Energy-Extended CES Aggregate Production: Current Aspects of Their Specification and Econometric Estimation," Energies, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 10(2), pages 1-23, February.
    9. Quentin Perrier & Philippe Quirion, 2017. "Is Energy Transition Beneficial to Sectors with High Employment Content? An Input-Output Analysis for France
      [La transition énergétique est-elle favorable aux branches à fort contenu en emploi ? Un
      ," Post-Print hal-01679766, HAL.
    10. Frédéric Reynès, 2017. "The Cobb-Douglas function as a flexible function: Analysing the sustitution between capital, labor and energy," Sciences Po publications 2017-04, Sciences Po.
    11. M. Chepeliev, 2015. "Econometric estimation of capital-labor substitution elasticities for Ukrainian CGE model," Economy and Forecasting, Valeriy Heyets, issue 2, pages 33-46.
    12. repec:taf:ecsysr:v:29:y:2017:i:3:p:385-417 is not listed on IDEAS

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Energy; Elasticity of substitution; CES function; Industry estimates; E23; Q41; Q43; Q55;

    JEL classification:

    • E23 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Consumption, Saving, Production, Employment, and Investment - - - Production
    • Q41 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Energy - - - Demand and Supply; Prices
    • Q43 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Energy - - - Energy and the Macroeconomy
    • Q55 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics - - - Environmental Economics: Technological Innovation

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