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Exchange Rate Induced Export Quality Upgrading: A Firm-Level Perspective

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  • Hu, Cui
  • Parsley, David
  • Tan, Yong

Abstract

This paper explores the impact of exchange rate fluctuations on exported product quality. Existing studies of quality upgrading stress the link between home country depreciation and increased access to export markets. Our focus in this study is on the complimentary effect of an import currency appreciation (i.e., the domestic currency appreciates relative to the sourcing country's currency). Our main finding is that firms upgrade their export quality in response to an import currency appreciation. We first develop a partial equilibrium model to reveal the mechanism: an import currency appreciation that makes imported intermediates cheaper allows firms to switch to higher quality intermediates, which in turn, increase export quality. Using Chinese Customs data during 2000-2006, we find that an import appreciation increases both import, and export quality. Furthermore, export quality increases more for less productive firms, and for firms exporting to developed countries.

Suggested Citation

  • Hu, Cui & Parsley, David & Tan, Yong, 2017. "Exchange Rate Induced Export Quality Upgrading: A Firm-Level Perspective," MPRA Paper 80506, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  • Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:80506
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    2. Willem THORBECKE, 2021. "East Asian and European Firms: Comrades or Competitors," Discussion papers 21098, Research Institute of Economy, Trade and Industry (RIETI).
    3. Ganguly, Shrimoyee & Acharyya, Rajat, 2022. "Devaluation, Export Quality and Employment in A Small Dependent Economy," Journal of Economic Development, The Economic Research Institute, Chung-Ang University, vol. 47(1), pages 137-165, March.
    4. Ganguly, Shrimoyee & Acharyya, Rajat, 2020. "Devaluation, Export Quality and Employment in a Small Dependent Economy," MPRA Paper 99851, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    5. Song, Xueyin & Huang, Xianhai & Qing, Tao, 2021. "Intellectual property rights protection and quality upgrading: Evidence from China," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 103(C).
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    7. Chin‐Yoong Wong & Yoke‐Kee Eng, 2022. "Renminbi Appreciation and China's Industrial Upgrading," China & World Economy, Institute of World Economics and Politics, Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, vol. 30(3), pages 1-22, May.
    8. Ganguly, Shrimoyee & Acharyya, Rajat, 2022. "Money, Exchange Rate and Export Quality," MPRA Paper 112891, University Library of Munich, Germany.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Import currency Appreciation; Quality Upgrade; Import Quality; Export Quality;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • F10 - International Economics - - Trade - - - General
    • F12 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Models of Trade with Imperfect Competition and Scale Economies; Fragmentation
    • F13 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Trade Policy; International Trade Organizations

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