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How does Commuting Behavior Change Due to Incentives? An Empirical Study of the Beijing Subway System

Author

Listed:
  • Zhang, Zheng
  • Fujii, Hidemichi
  • Managi, Shunsuke

Abstract

This study examines the impact of incentives on commuters’ travel behavior based upon a questionnaire survey conducted on the Beijing Subway System. Overall, we find that giving incentives to commuters, especially fast food restaurant-related services and reduced ticket fares, has a positive influence on morning rush-hour avoidance. Furthermore, using interaction analysis, we discover that the flexible work time schedule has an impact on commuters’ behavior and the efficiency of the subway system. Finally, we recommend two possible policies to maximize the utility of the subway system and to reduce congestion at the peak of morning service: 1) a set of incentives including free wireless internet connection service with a coupon for breakfast and a discount on ticket fares before the morning peak, and 2) the introduction of a flexible work time schedule.

Suggested Citation

  • Zhang, Zheng & Fujii, Hidemichi & Managi, Shunsuke, 2014. "How does Commuting Behavior Change Due to Incentives? An Empirical Study of the Beijing Subway System," MPRA Paper 54691, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  • Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:54691
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    File URL: https://mpra.ub.uni-muenchen.de/54691/1/MPRA_paper_54691.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Menegaki, Angeliki, N. & Olsen, Søren Bøye & Tsagarakis, Konstantinos P., 2016. "Towards a common standard – A reporting checklist for web-based stated preference valuation surveys and a critique for mode surveys," Journal of choice modelling, Elsevier, vol. 18(C), pages 18-50.
    2. repec:gam:jsusta:v:9:y:2017:i:5:p:689-:d:96956 is not listed on IDEAS

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Behavior; Incentives; Morning Peak; Commute; Beijing Subway System; Flexibility;

    JEL classification:

    • O18 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Urban, Rural, Regional, and Transportation Analysis; Housing; Infrastructure
    • R40 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - Transportation Economics - - - General
    • R48 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - Transportation Economics - - - Government Pricing and Policy

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