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Supplementary Education in Turkey: Recent Developments and Future Prospects

  • TANSEL, AYSIT

Purpose: This paper aims to provide the recent developments on the supplementary education system in Turkey. The national examinations for advancing to higher levels of schooling are believed to fuel the demand for Supplementary Education Centers (SEC). Further, we aim to understand the distribution of the SECs and of the secondary schools across the provinces of Turkey in order to evaluate the spacial equity considerations. Design/Methodology/Approach: The evolution of the SECs and of the secondary schools over time are described and compared. The provincial distribution of the SECs, secondary schools and the high school age population are compared. The characteristics of these distributions are evaluated to inform the about spatial equity issues. The distribution of high school age population that attend secondary schools and the distribution of the secondary school students that attend SECs across the provinces are compared. Findings: The evidence points out to significant provincial variations in various characteristics of SECs and the secondary schools. The distribution of the SECs is more unequal than that of the secondary schools. The provinces located mostly in the east and south east of the country have lower quality SECs and secondary schools. Further, the SEC participation among the secondary school students and the secondary school participation among the relevant age group are lower in some of the provinces indicating major disadvantages. Originality/Value: The review of the most recent developments about the SECs, examination and comparison of provincial distributions of the SECs and of the secondary schools are novelties in this paper.

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File URL: http://mpra.ub.uni-muenchen.de/50213/1/MPRA_paper_50213.pdf
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Paper provided by University Library of Munich, Germany in its series MPRA Paper with number 50213.

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Date of creation: 22 Sep 2013
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Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:50213
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  1. Aysit TANSEL, . "Changing Returns To Education For Men And Women In A Developing Country: Turkey, 1994, 2002-2005," EcoMod2008 23800140, EcoMod.
  2. Hai-Anh Dang & F. Halsey Rogers, 2008. "The Growing Phenomenon of Private Tutoring: Does It Deepen Human Capital, Widen Inequalities, or Waste Resources?," World Bank Research Observer, World Bank Group, vol. 23(2), pages 161-200, April.
  3. Tansel, A., 1999. "Public_Private Employment Choice, Wage Differential and Gender in Turkey," Papers 797, Yale - Economic Growth Center.
  4. Aysit Tansel & H. Mehmet Tasci, 2010. "Hazard Analysis Of Unemployment Duration By Gender In A Developing Country: The Case Of Turkey," Working Papers 521, Economic Research Forum, revised May 2010.
  5. Aysit Tansel, 1999. "General Versus Vocational High Schools and Labor Market Outcomes in Turkey," Working Papers 9905, Economic Research Forum, revised Feb 1999.
  6. Tansel, Aysit & Bircan, Fatma, 2005. "Effect of Private Tutoring on University Entrance Examination Performance in Turkey," IZA Discussion Papers 1609, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  7. Antonio Di Paolo & Aysit Tansel, 2013. "“Returns to Foreign Language Skills in a Developing Country: The Case of Turkey”," IREA Working Papers 201319, University of Barcelona, Research Institute of Applied Economics, revised Nov 2013.
  8. Aysýt Tansel, 2013. "Supplementary Education in Turkey; Recent Developments and Future Prospects," Working Papers 2013/13, Turkish Economic Association.
  9. Aysýt Tansel, 2013. "Private Tutoring and the Question of Equitable Opportunities in Turkey," Working Papers 2013/6, Turkish Economic Association.
  10. Tansel, Aysit, 2002. "Determinants of school attainment of boys and girls in Turkey: individual, household and community factors," Economics of Education Review, Elsevier, vol. 21(5), pages 455-470, October.
  11. Bray, Mark & Kwok, Percy, 2003. "Demand for private supplementary tutoring: conceptual considerations, and socio-economic patterns in Hong Kong," Economics of Education Review, Elsevier, vol. 22(6), pages 611-620, December.
  12. World Bank, 2011. "Improving the Quality and Equity of Basic Education In Turkey : Challenges and Options," World Bank Other Operational Studies 13250, The World Bank.
  13. Tansel, Aysit, 1994. "Wage employment, earnings and returns to schooling for men and women in Turkey," Economics of Education Review, Elsevier, vol. 13(4), pages 305-320.
  14. Gokce Uysal & M. Alper Dincer, 2009. "Determinants of Student Achievement in Turkey," Working Papers 002, Bahcesehir University, Betam.
  15. Tansel, AysIt & Bircan, Fatma, 2006. "Demand for education in Turkey: A tobit analysis of private tutoring expenditures," Economics of Education Review, Elsevier, vol. 25(3), pages 303-313, June.
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