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Private and Group Tutoring in Egypt: Where is The Gender Inequality?

  • Asmaa Elbadawy


    (McMaster University, Canada)

  • Ragui Assaad
  • Dennis Ahlburg
  • Deborah Levison
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    Private tutoring is being practiced at an alarming scale in Egypt and in many other developing countries. Nonetheless, the literature on tutoring is still scant. The purpose of this paper is to gain an understanding of the nature and determinants of tutoring in Egypt, using micro-level data, in order to investigate whether gender bias exists in tutoring decisions. It is expected that since gender disparities are present in educational investments in general, they would be more pronounced in optional educational investments like that of receiving tutoring. It is also expected that since labor market outcomes are more favorable to boys, parents would be less willing to spend on tutoring for girls. Surprisingly, however, no gender bias against girls was detected with respect to tutoring. The absence of bias is in itself a significant and puzzling finding. We conclude that the education premium in the marriage market may be the answer to the puzzle.

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    Paper provided by Economic Research Forum in its series Working Papers with number 0429.

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    Length: 29 pages
    Date of creation: Oct 2007
    Date of revision: Oct 2007
    Publication status: Published by The Economic Research Forum (ERF)
    Handle: RePEc:erg:wpaper:0429
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