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Private Supplementary Tutoring in Turkey Recent Evidence on Its Various Aspects

  • Aysit Tansel


    (Department of Economics, Middle East Technical University)

  • Fatma Bircan


    (Department of Economics, Karaelmas University, Zonguldak)

This paper first describes the educational system in Turkey and the two national examinations for advancing to upper levels of schooling, which spur demand for private tutoring called “dersane” in Turkish. Second, the evolution of Private Tutoring Centers (PTCs) is described and compared with high schools in the country. Third, geographical distribution of the PTCs, general high schools and the proportion of high-school-age-population are compared over the provinces to touch on special equity issues. Other topics addressed include gender and PTCs students, disruption of mainstream education, determinants of the demand for PTCs services, cost of PTCs and evidence on the effectiveness of PTCs.

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Paper provided by Economic Research Forum in its series Working Papers with number 451.

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Length: 26 pages
Date of creation: Oct 2008
Date of revision: Oct 2008
Publication status: Published by The Economic Research Forum (ERF)
Handle: RePEc:erg:wpaper:451
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  1. Tansel, Aysit, 1994. "Wage employment, earnings and returns to schooling for men and women in Turkey," Economics of Education Review, Elsevier, vol. 13(4), pages 305-320.
  2. Tansel, Aysit, 2004. "Public-Private Employment Choice, Wage Differentials and Gender in Turkey," IZA Discussion Papers 1262, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  3. Aysit Tansel & Fatma Bircan, 2004. "Effect of Private Tutoring on University Entrance Examination Performance in Turkey," Working Papers 0407, Economic Research Forum, revised Mar 2004.
  4. Tansel, AysIt & Bircan, Fatma, 2006. "Demand for education in Turkey: A tobit analysis of private tutoring expenditures," Economics of Education Review, Elsevier, vol. 25(3), pages 303-313, June.
  5. Tansel, Aysit, 2002. "Determinants of school attainment of boys and girls in Turkey: individual, household and community factors," Economics of Education Review, Elsevier, vol. 21(5), pages 455-470, October.
  6. Bray, Mark & Kwok, Percy, 2003. "Demand for private supplementary tutoring: conceptual considerations, and socio-economic patterns in Hong Kong," Economics of Education Review, Elsevier, vol. 22(6), pages 611-620, December.
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