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Brain Drain from Turkey: Survey Evidence of Student Non-Return

Author

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  • Aysit Tansel

    () (Department of Economics, Middle East Technical University)

  • Nil Demet Gungor

Abstract

The 'brain drain' phenomenon has been widely investigated since the mid-1960s both in academic circles and by policymakers. From the developing country perspective, the migration of skilled individuals is viewed as a threat to economic development, and as a costly subsidy from the poor nations to the rich. The focus of this paper is on the return intentions of Turkish students studying overseas. Turkey's first 'brain drain' wave began in the 1960s, with doctors and engineers among the first group of emigrants. Various factors have been cited as important for student non-return, including political instability, lower salaries and lack of employment opportunities in the home country when studies are completed, as well as a preference to live abroad. The current study presents the findings of a survey conducted by the authors during the first half of 2002, which investigates the return intentions of Turkish students studying abroad at the undergraduate and graduate levels. The aim of the paper is to analyse the new evidence on the return intentions of Turkish students studying abroad in the hope of providing some insights into possible factors that may be important in explaining Turkish student non-return.

Suggested Citation

  • Aysit Tansel & Nil Demet Gungor, 2003. "Brain Drain from Turkey: Survey Evidence of Student Non-Return," Working Papers 0307, Economic Research Forum, revised 03 2003.
  • Handle: RePEc:erg:wpaper:0307
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Tansel, Aysit, 1994. "Wage employment, earnings and returns to schooling for men and women in Turkey," Economics of Education Review, Elsevier, vol. 13(4), pages 305-320.
    2. Tansel, Aysit, 2002. "Determinants of school attainment of boys and girls in Turkey: individual, household and community factors," Economics of Education Review, Elsevier, vol. 21(5), pages 455-470, October.
    3. Kao, Charles H C & Lee, Jae Won, 1973. "An Empirical Analysis of China's Brain Drain into the United States," Economic Development and Cultural Change, University of Chicago Press, vol. 21(3), pages 500-513, April.
    4. Aysit Tansel, 2001. "Economic Development and Female Labor Force Participation in Turkey: Time-Series Evidence and Cross-Province Estimates," Working Papers 0124, Economic Research Forum, revised 08 2001.
    5. Kwok, Viem & Leland, Hayne, 1982. "An Economic Model of the Brain Drain," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 72(1), pages 91-100, March.
    6. Aysit Tansel & Nil Demet Gungor, 1997. "The Educational Attainment of Turkey's Labor Force: A Comparison Across Provinces and Overtime," Working Papers 9706, Economic Research Forum, revised 05 Aug 1997.
    7. Tain-Jy Chen & Hsien-Yang Su, 1995. "On the-job training as a cause of brain drain," Review of World Economics (Weltwirtschaftliches Archiv), Springer;Institut für Weltwirtschaft (Kiel Institute for the World Economy), vol. 131(3), pages 526-541, September.
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Nil Demet Gungor & Aysıt Tansel, 2008. "Brain drain from Turkey: an investigation of students' return intentions," Applied Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 40(23), pages 3069-3087.
    2. Quah Chun Hoo & Siti Rohaida M. Zainal & Guok Eng Chai, 2014. "Return Intentions of Malaysia¡¯s Diaspora: The Push and Pull Factors," Case Studies in Business and Management, Macrothink Institute, vol. 1(1), pages 140-151, June.
    3. Nil Demet Gungor & Aysit Tansel, 2009. "Brain Drain from Turkey: Return Intentions of Skilled Migrants," ERC Working Papers 0902, ERC - Economic Research Center, Middle East Technical University, revised Oct 2009.
    4. Nil Demet Güngör & Aysit Tansel, 2008. "Brain drain from Turkey: the case of professionals abroad," International Journal of Manpower, Emerald Group Publishing, vol. 29(4), pages 323-347, July.
    5. Nil Demet Gungor & Aysit Tansel, 2003. "Return Intentions of University-Educated Turkish Expatriates," Working Papers 0323, Economic Research Forum, revised 08 2003.
    6. Franses, Ph.H.B.F., 2015. "Return migration of high skilled workers," Econometric Institute Research Papers 78065, Erasmus University Rotterdam, Erasmus School of Economics (ESE), Econometric Institute.
    7. Dulam, T.W. & Franses, Ph.H.B.F., 2014. "Microeconomic determinants of skilled migration: The case of Suriname," Econometric Institute Research Papers EI 2014-21, Erasmus University Rotterdam, Erasmus School of Economics (ESE), Econometric Institute.

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