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Effort allocation in tournaments: the effect of gender on academic performance in Italian universities

  • Castagnetti, Carolina
  • Rosti, Luisa

We consider the academic performance of Italian university graduates and their labor market position 3 years after graduation. Our data confirm the common finding that female students outperform male students in academia but are overcome in the labor market. Assuming that academic competition is fair and that individual talent is equally distributed by gender, we suggest that the gender gap evident in degree scores is endogenously due to the greater effort exerted by female students. We find that females face a greater increase in labor market returns from signalling through academic performance. This higher prize explains the greater effort exerted by females and the higher probability of winning the academic competition.

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File URL: https://mpra.ub.uni-muenchen.de/13441/1/MPRA_paper_13441.pdf
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File URL: https://mpra.ub.uni-muenchen.de/26194/1/MPRA_paper_26194.pdf
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Paper provided by University Library of Munich, Germany in its series MPRA Paper with number 13441.

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Date of creation: 19 Feb 2007
Date of revision: 30 Jun 2008
Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:13441
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  16. Schotter, Andrew & Weigelt, Keith, 1990. "Asymmetric Tournaments, Equal Opportunity Laws And Affirmative Action: Some Experimental Result," Working Papers 90-14, C.V. Starr Center for Applied Economics, New York University.
  17. Richard J. Murnane & John B. Willett & Frank Levy, 1995. "The Growing Importance of Cognitive Skills in Wage Determination," NBER Working Papers 5076, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
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  22. Edvard Johansson, 2000. "Self-employment and the predicted earnings differential - evidence from Finland," Finnish Economic Papers, Finnish Economic Association, vol. 13(1), pages 45-55, Spring.
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