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The Geography of Capital Allocation in the Euro Area

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  • Beck, Roland
  • Coppola, Antonio
  • Lewis, Angus
  • Maggiori, Matteo
  • Schmitz, Martin
  • Schreger, Jesse

Abstract

We reassess the pattern of Euro Area financial integration adjusting for the role of “onshore offshore financial centers” (OOFCs) within the Euro Area. While the Euro Area records large levels of international investment both within and outside of the currency union, much of these flows are intermediated via the OOFCs of Luxembourg, Ireland, and the Netherlands. These countries have dual roles as both hubs of investment fund intermediation and centers of securities issuance by foreign firms. We look through both roles and restate the pattern of Euro Area investment positions by linking fund sector investments to the ultimate underlying holders and securities issuance to the ultimate parent firms. Our new estimates of Euro Area investment allow us to document a number of stylized facts. First, the Euro Area’s estimated gross external position is smaller than in official data. Second, the Euro Area is more biased towards euro-denominated assets and away from US dollar and other foreign currency assets than in official data. Third, the Euro Area is less financially integrated than it appears. Fourth, European financial integration occurs disproportionately through securities issued in OOFCs rather than via domestic capital markets. Fifth, there is a North-South bias in Euro Area financial integration whereby Northern European countries are relatively underweight securities issued by Southern European countries.

Suggested Citation

  • Beck, Roland & Coppola, Antonio & Lewis, Angus & Maggiori, Matteo & Schmitz, Martin & Schreger, Jesse, 2023. "The Geography of Capital Allocation in the Euro Area," SocArXiv rzwd2, Center for Open Science.
  • Handle: RePEc:osf:socarx:rzwd2
    DOI: 10.31219/osf.io/rzwd2
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    3. Luca Fornaro & Christoph Grosse-Steffen, 2024. "Fragmented Monetary Unions," Working Papers 1437, Barcelona School of Economics.
    4. Martín Fuentes, Natalia & Born, Alexandra & Bremus, Franziska & Kastelein, Wieger & Lambert, Claudia, 2023. "A deep dive into the capital channel of risk sharing in the euro area," Working Paper Series 2864, European Central Bank.
    5. Albori, Marco & Anzuini, Alessio & Ferriani, Fabrizio & Rossi, Luca, 2024. "The gravity of Offshore Financial Centers: Estimating real FDIs using a binary choice model," International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 178(C).
    6. Florez-Orrego, Sergio & Maggiori, Matteo & Schreger, Jesse & Sun, Ziwen & Tinda, Serdil, 2023. "Global Capital Allocation," SocArXiv 5s6n3, Center for Open Science.

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    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • E0 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - General
    • F0 - International Economics - - General
    • G0 - Financial Economics - - General

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