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Impacts of Policy Reforms on Labor Migration From Rural Mexico to the United States

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  • Susan M. Richter
  • J. Edward Taylor
  • Antonio Naude

Abstract

Using new survey data from Mexico, a dynamic econometric model is estimated to test the effect of policy changes on the flow of migrant labor from rural Mexico to the United States and test for differential effects of policy changes on male and female migration. We find that both IRCA and NAFTA reduced the share of rural Mexicans working in the United States. Increased U.S. border enforcement had the opposite effect. The impacts of these policy variables are small compared with those of macroeconomic variables. The influence of policy and macroeconomic variables is small compared with that of migration networks, as reflected in past migration by villagers to the United States. The effects of all of these variables on migration propensities differ, quantitatively and in some cases qualitatively, by gender.

Suggested Citation

  • Susan M. Richter & J. Edward Taylor & Antonio Naude, 2005. "Impacts of Policy Reforms on Labor Migration From Rural Mexico to the United States," NBER Working Papers 11428, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  • Handle: RePEc:nbr:nberwo:11428
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    Cited by:

    1. Catalina Amuedo-Dorantes & Fernando Lozano, 2015. "On The Effectiveness Of Sb1070 In Arizona," Economic Inquiry, Western Economic Association International, vol. 53(1), pages 335-351, January.
    2. John Scott-Andretta & Alfredo Cuecuecha, 2010. "The Effect of Agricultural Subsidies on Migration and Agricultural Employment," Working papers DTE 474, CIDE, División de Economía.
    3. Arslan, Aslıhan & Effenberger, Alexandra & Luecke, Matthias & Omar Mahmoud, Toman, 2009. "International labor migration and remittances beyond the crisis: Towards development-friendly migration policies," Open Access Publications from Kiel Institute for the World Economy 32851, Kiel Institute for the World Economy (IfW).
    4. Serdar Sayan & Ayça Tekin-Koru, 2010. "Host-Country Economic Policies and Worker Remittances to Developing Countries: The Cases of Turkey and Mexico," Chapters,in: Global Exchange and Poverty, chapter 7 Edward Elgar Publishing.
    5. Catalina Amuedo-Dorantes & Thitima Puttitanun & Ana Martinez-Donate, 2013. "How Do Tougher Immigration Measures Impact Unauthorized Immigrants?," CReAM Discussion Paper Series 1302, Centre for Research and Analysis of Migration (CReAM), Department of Economics, University College London.
    6. Catalina Amuedo-Dorantes & Susan Pozo, 2014. "On the Intended and Unintended Consequences of Enhanced U.S. Border and Interior Immigration Enforcement: Evidence From Mexican Deportees," Demography, Springer;Population Association of America (PAA), vol. 51(6), pages 2255-2279, December.
    7. Arslan, Aslıhan & Effenberger, Alexandra & Lücke, Matthias & Omar Mahmoud, Toman, 2009. "International labor migration and remittances: Towards development-friendly migration policies," Open Access Publications from Kiel Institute for the World Economy 32961, Kiel Institute for the World Economy (IfW).
    8. Gagik Makaryan & Mihran Galstyan, 2013. "Costs and Benefits of Labour Mobility between the EU and the Eastern Partnership Partner Countries. Country report: Armenia," CASE Network Studies and Analyses 0461, CASE-Center for Social and Economic Research.
    9. Catalina Amuedo-Dorantes & Thitima Puttitanun & Ana Martinez-Donate, 2013. "How Do Tougher Immigration Measures Affect Unauthorized Immigrants?," Demography, Springer;Population Association of America (PAA), vol. 50(3), pages 1067-1091, June.
    10. Anastasia Holobinko, 2012. "Theoretical and Methodological Approaches to Understanding Human Migration Patterns and their Utility in Forensic Human Identification Cases," Societies, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 2(2), pages 1-21, June.
    11. Florian Kaufmann, 2008. "Attracting Undocumented Immigrants: The Perverse Effects of U.S. Border Enforcement," Working Papers wp187, Political Economy Research Institute, University of Massachusetts at Amherst.
    12. Amuedo-Dorantes, Catalina & Pozo, Susan, 2014. "On the Intended and Unintended Consequences of Enhanced Border and Interior Immigration Enforcement: Evidence from Deportees," IZA Discussion Papers 8458, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
    13. Araujo-Encisco, Sergio, 2011. "Analisis de transmision de precios entre los mercados de maiz mexicanos y el mercado estadounidense: metodos lineales y no lineales," Revista Española de Estudios Agrosociales y Pesqueros, Ministerio de Medio Ambiente, Rural y Marino (formerly Ministry of Agriculture), issue 229.

    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • F1 - International Economics - - Trade
    • J6 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Mobility, Unemployment, Vacancies, and Immigrant Workers
    • J4 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Particular Labor Markets
    • O1 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development

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