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U.S. - Mexican Trade in Winter Vegetables and Illegal Immigration


  • Torok, S. J.
  • Huffman, Wallace


This paper presents an integrated approach to U.S.-Mexican trade in a labor-intensive commodity (fresh winter tomatoes) and illegal immigration of agricultural labor. A seven-equation econometric model is developed that includes excess demand (U.S. import) and supply (Mexican export) equations for fresh winter tomatoes, U.S. demand and Mexican supply equations for apprehensible individuals, intercountry price and wage relationship equations, and a U.S. Border Patrol apprehension effort equation. The empirical results indicate that both U.S. and Mexico economic conditions affect the number of apprehended illegal Mexican aliens. The results also indicate that immigration and trade policies affect apprehensions. Abstract Currently Unavailable.

Suggested Citation

  • Torok, S. J. & Huffman, Wallace, 1986. "U.S. - Mexican Trade in Winter Vegetables and Illegal Immigration," Staff General Research Papers Archive 10982, Iowa State University, Department of Economics.
  • Handle: RePEc:isu:genres:10982

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    Cited by:

    1. Huffman, Wallace E., 1996. "Farm Labor: Key Conceptual and Measurement Issues on the Route to Better Farm Cost and Return Estimates," ISU General Staff Papers 199604010800001279, Iowa State University, Department of Economics.
    2. Richter, Susan M. & Taylor, J. Edward, 2005. "Policy Reforms and the Gender Dynamics of Rural Mexico-to-U.S. Migration," Working Papers 190909, University of California, Davis, Department of Agricultural and Resource Economics.
    3. Goodwin, H. L., 1991. "The U.S.-Mexico Free Trade Agreement: Agricultural Labor Issues," Reports 257951, Texas A&M University, Agribusiness, Food, and Consumer Economics Research Center.
    4. Susan M. Richter & J. Edward Taylor & Antonio YĂșnez-Naude, 2007. "Impacts of Policy Reforms on Labor Migration from Rural Mexico to the United States," NBER Chapters,in: Mexican Immigration to the United States, pages 269-288 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    5. Wu, Feng & Guan, Zhengfei & Whitaker, Vance, 2015. "Optimizing yield distribution under biological and economic constraints: Florida strawberries as a model for perishable commodities," Agricultural Systems, Elsevier, vol. 141(C), pages 113-120.
    6. Thompson, Gary D., 1989. "Tariff and Nontariff Barrier Impacts on Illegal Migration: Us Fresh Winter Tomato Market," 1989 Occasional Paper Series No. 5 197682, International Association of Agricultural Economists.
    7. Wayne H. Howard & Kenneth A. McEwan & George L. Brinkman & Julia M. Christensen, 1991. "Human resource management on the farm: Attracting, keeping, and motivating labor," Agribusiness, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 7(1), pages 11-26.
    8. Wu, Feng & Guan, Zhengfei, 2015. "Modeling the Interactions of Strawberry Commodity and Labor Markets in the US and Mexico," 2015 AAEA & WAEA Joint Annual Meeting, July 26-28, San Francisco, California 205887, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association.
    9. Huffman, Wallace E., 1993. "An Assessment of the Process Underlying RAW Calculations," ISU General Staff Papers 199301010800001491, Iowa State University, Department of Economics.
    10. Peyton Ferrier & Chen Zhen, 2014. "The producer welfare effects of trade liberalization when goods are perishable and habit-forming: the case of asparagus," Agricultural Economics, International Association of Agricultural Economists, vol. 45(2), pages 129-141, March.

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