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How Do Tougher Immigration Measures Affect Unauthorized Immigrants?

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Listed:
  • Catalina Amuedo-Dorantes

    ()

  • Thitima Puttitanun

    ()

  • Ana Martinez-Donate

    ()

Abstract

The recent impetus of tougher immigration-related measures passed at the state level raises concerns about the impact of such measures on the migration experience, trajectory, and future plans of unauthorized immigrants. In a recent and unique survey of Mexican unauthorized immigrants interviewed upon their voluntary return or deportation to Mexico, almost a third reported experiencing difficulties in obtaining social or government services, finding legal assistance, or obtaining health care services. Additionally, half of these unauthorized immigrants reported fearing deportation. When we assess how the enactment of punitive measures against unauthorized immigrants, such as E-Verify mandates, has affected their migration experience, we find no evidence of a statistically significant association between these measures and the difficulties reported by unauthorized immigrants in accessing a variety of services. However, the enactment of these mandates infuses deportation fear, reduces interstate mobility among voluntary returnees during their last migration spell, and helps curb deportees’ intent to return to the United States in the near future. Copyright Population Association of America 2013

Suggested Citation

  • Catalina Amuedo-Dorantes & Thitima Puttitanun & Ana Martinez-Donate, 2013. "How Do Tougher Immigration Measures Affect Unauthorized Immigrants?," Demography, Springer;Population Association of America (PAA), vol. 50(3), pages 1067-1091, June.
  • Handle: RePEc:spr:demogr:v:50:y:2013:i:3:p:1067-1091
    DOI: 10.1007/s13524-013-0200-x
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Antonio Spilimbergo & Gordon H. Hanson, 1999. "Illegal Immigration, Border Enforcement, and Relative Wages: Evidence from Apprehensions at the U.S.-Mexico Border," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 89(5), pages 1337-1357, December.
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    6. Catalina Amuedo-Dorantes & Fernando Antonio Lozano, 2014. "On the Effectiveness of SB1070 in Arizona," CReAM Discussion Paper Series 1423, Centre for Research and Analysis of Migration (CReAM), Department of Economics, University College London.
    7. Katharine Donato & Jorge Durand & Douglas Massey, 1992. "Stemming the tide? Assessing the deterrent effects of the immigration reform and control act," Demography, Springer;Population Association of America (PAA), vol. 29(2), pages 139-157, May.
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    Cited by:

    1. repec:eee:pubeco:v:158:y:2018:i:c:p:63-78 is not listed on IDEAS
    2. Bandyopadhyay, Subhayu & Pinto, Santiago M., 2017. "Unauthorized immigration and fiscal competition," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 92(C), pages 283-305.
    3. repec:bin:bpeajo:v:48:y:2017:i:2017-01:p:83-168 is not listed on IDEAS
    4. repec:eee:socmed:v:199:y:2018:i:c:p:19-28 is not listed on IDEAS
    5. repec:dem:demres:v:38:y:2018:i:17 is not listed on IDEAS
    6. Christina J. Diaz & Stephanie M. Koning & Ana P. Martinez-Donate, 2016. "Moving Beyond Salmon Bias: Mexican Return Migration and Health Selection," Demography, Springer;Population Association of America (PAA), vol. 53(6), pages 2005-2030, December.
    7. Vargas, Edward D., 2015. "Immigration enforcement and mixed-status families: The effects of risk of deportation on Medicaid use," Children and Youth Services Review, Elsevier, vol. 57(C), pages 83-89.
    8. Bandyopadhyay, Subhayu & Pinto, Santiago M., 2015. "Illegal Immigration and Fiscal Competition," IZA Discussion Papers 9061, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
    9. Arjen Leerkes & James D. Bachmeier & Mark A. Leach, 2013. "When the Border Is “Everywhere”: State-level Variation in Migration Control and Changing Settlement Patterns of the Unauthorized Immigrant Population in the United States," International Migration Review, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 47(4), pages 910-943, December.
    10. repec:kap:poprpr:v:37:y:2018:i:2:d:10.1007_s11113-017-9456-y is not listed on IDEAS
    11. Martínez Flores, Fernanda, 2018. "The deterrence effect of immigration enforcement in transit countries: Evidence from Central American deportees," Ruhr Economic Papers 749, RWI - Leibniz-Institut für Wirtschaftsforschung, Ruhr-University Bochum, TU Dortmund University, University of Duisburg-Essen.
    12. Amuedo-Dorantes, Catalina & Pozo, Susan, 2014. "On the Intended and Unintended Consequences of Enhanced Border and Interior Immigration Enforcement: Evidence from Deportees," IZA Discussion Papers 8458, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).

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    Keywords

    Immigration; Policy; Undocumented; Unauthorized; Mexico;

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