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Optimal Monetary and Macroprudential Policy in a Currency Union

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  • Jakob Palek

    (University of Kassel)

  • Benjamin Schwanebeck

    (University of Kassel)

Abstract

The financial crisis proved strikingly that stabilizing the price level is a necessary but not a sufficient condition to ensure macroeconomic stability. The obvious candidate for addressing systemic risk is macroprudential policy. In this paper we study the optimal monetary and macroprudential policy mix in a currency union in the case of different kinds of aggregate and idiosyncratic shocks. The monetary and macroprudential instruments are modelled as independent tools. With a union-wide macroprudential tool, full absorption on the aggregate level is possible, but welfare losses due to fluctuations in relative variables prevail. With country-specific macroprudential tools, full absorption of shocks is always possible. But it is only optimal as long as there is no inefficient labor allocation. Comparing different policy regimes, we get the following ranking in terms of welfare: discretion outperforms strict inflation targeting which outperforms a (euro-area based) Taylor Rule.

Suggested Citation

  • Jakob Palek & Benjamin Schwanebeck, 2015. "Optimal Monetary and Macroprudential Policy in a Currency Union," MAGKS Papers on Economics 201522, Philipps-Universität Marburg, Faculty of Business Administration and Economics, Department of Economics (Volkswirtschaftliche Abteilung).
  • Handle: RePEc:mar:magkse:201522
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    Cited by:

    1. Philipp Kirchner & Benjamin Schwanebeck, 2017. "Optimal Unconventional Monetary Policy in the Face of Shadow Banking," MAGKS Papers on Economics 201725, Philipps-Universität Marburg, Faculty of Business Administration and Economics, Department of Economics (Volkswirtschaftliche Abteilung).
    2. Darracq Pariès, Matthieu & Kok, Christoffer & Rancoita, Elena, 2019. "Macroprudential policy in a monetary union with cross-border banking," Working Paper Series 2260, European Central Bank.
    3. Agénor, Pierre-Richard & Jackson, Timothy & Jia, Pengfei, 2021. "Macroprudential policy coordination in a currency union," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 137(C).
    4. Gambacorta, Leonardo & Agénor, Pierre-Richard & Kharroubi, Enisse & Lombardo, Giovanni & Pereira da Silva, Luiz A., 2017. "The International Dimensions of Macroprudential Policies," CEPR Discussion Papers 12108, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
    5. Pierre‐Richard Agénor & Timothy Jackson & Enisse Kharroubi & Leonardo Gambacorta & Giovanni Lombardo & Luiz A. Pereira Da Silva, 2021. "Assessing the Gains from International Macroprudential Policy Cooperation," Journal of Money, Credit and Banking, Blackwell Publishing, vol. 53(7), pages 1819-1866, October.
    6. Lorenčič Eva & Festić Mejra, 2021. "The Impact of Seven Macroprudential Policy Instruments on Financial Stability in Six Euro Area Economies," Review of Economic Perspectives, Sciendo, vol. 21(3), pages 259-290, September.
    7. Yang Zhou & Shigeto Kitano, 2023. "Capital Controls or Macroprudential Regulation: Which is Better for Land Booms and Busts?," Discussion Paper Series DP2023-12, Research Institute for Economics & Business Administration, Kobe University.
    8. Palek, Jakob & Schwanebeck, Benjamin, 2017. "Financial frictions and optimal stabilization policy in a monetary union," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 61(C), pages 462-477.
    9. Agiakloglou, Christos & Gkouvakis, Michael, 2022. "Policy implications and welfare analysis under the possibility of default for the Euro zone area," The Journal of Economic Asymmetries, Elsevier, vol. 25(C).
    10. Philipp Kirchner & Benjamin Schwanebeck, 2020. "Shadow banking and the design of macroprudential policy in a monetary union," MAGKS Papers on Economics 202024, Philipps-Universität Marburg, Faculty of Business Administration and Economics, Department of Economics (Volkswirtschaftliche Abteilung).
    11. Dennis, Richard & Ilbas, Pelin, 2023. "Monetary and macroprudential policy interactions in a model of the euro area," Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control, Elsevier, vol. 154(C).
    12. Benjamin Schwanebeck, 2017. "Unconventional Monetary Policy in a Financially Heterogeneous Monetary Union," MAGKS Papers on Economics 201741, Philipps-Universität Marburg, Faculty of Business Administration and Economics, Department of Economics (Volkswirtschaftliche Abteilung).
    13. Financial Stability Committee, Task Force on cross-border Spillover Effects of macroprudential measures & Kok, Christoffer & Reinhardt, Dennis, 2020. "Cross-border spillover effects of macroprudential policies: a conceptual framework," Occasional Paper Series 242, European Central Bank.
    14. Ida, Daisuke, 2023. "Liquidity-constrained consumers and optimal monetary policy in a currency union," Journal of International Money and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 131(C).

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    financial frictions; credit spreads; borrowing constraint; monetary policy; macroprudential policy; optimal policy mix; currency union;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • E32 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Prices, Business Fluctuations, and Cycles - - - Business Fluctuations; Cycles
    • E44 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Money and Interest Rates - - - Financial Markets and the Macroeconomy
    • E58 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit - - - Central Banks and Their Policies

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