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Macroprudential Policy Implementation in a Heterogeneous Monetary Union

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  • Margarita Rubio

Abstract

I develop a two-country new Keynesian general equilibrium model with housing and collateral constraints to explore how macroprudential policies should be conducted in a heterogeneous monetary union. I consider four types of cross-country heterogeneity: asymmetric shocks, different loan-to-value ratios (LTV), different proportion of borrowers, and mortgage contract heterogeneity (Â…fixed and variable rates). As a macroprudential tool, I propose a Taylor-type rule for the LTV which responds to deviations in output and house prices. This policy can be applied at a national or union level. Results show that asymmetries matter for the implementation of macroprudential policies, especially when the heterogeneity delivers differences in economic and Â…financial volatilities. A centralized macroprudential policy is preferred if there is an asymmetric shock, to balance out the cross-country different Â…nancial volatilities. For the mortgage contract heterogeneity, the economy is better off with a decentralized policy that compensates the lack of effectiveness of monetary policy in the fixed-rate country. For the LTV asymmetry and the different proportion of borrowers, conducting the macroprudential policy at a national or union level produces similar welfare gains.

Suggested Citation

  • Margarita Rubio, 2014. "Macroprudential Policy Implementation in a Heterogeneous Monetary Union," Discussion Papers 2014/03, University of Nottingham, Centre for Finance, Credit and Macroeconomics (CFCM).
  • Handle: RePEc:not:notcfc:14/03
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    File URL: https://www.nottingham.ac.uk/cfcm/documents/papers/cfcm-2014-03.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Brzoza-Brzezina, Michał & Kolasa, Marcin & Makarski, Krzysztof, 2015. "Macroprudential policy and imbalances in the euro area," Journal of International Money and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 51(C), pages 137-154.
    2. Rubio, Margarita & Carrasco-Gallego, José A., 2014. "Macroprudential and monetary policies: Implications for financial stability and welfare," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 49(C), pages 326-336.
    3. Matteo Iacoviello, 2005. "House Prices, Borrowing Constraints, and Monetary Policy in the Business Cycle," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 95(3), pages 739-764, June.
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    6. Oriol Aspachs-Bracons & Pau Rabanal, 2010. "The drivers of housing cycles in Spain," SERIEs: Journal of the Spanish Economic Association, Springer;Spanish Economic Association, vol. 1(1), pages 101-130, March.
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    Cited by:

    1. Mariarosaria Comunale, 2017. "Synchronicity of real and financial cycles and structural characteristics in EU countries," CEIS Research Paper 414, Tor Vergata University, CEIS, revised 25 Sep 2017.
    2. Dominic Quint & Pau Rabanal, 2014. "Monetary and Macroprudential Policy in an Estimated DSGE Model of the Euro Area," International Journal of Central Banking, International Journal of Central Banking, vol. 10(2), pages 169-236, June.
    3. Marcin Bielecki & Michał Brzoza-Brzezina & Marcin Kolasa & Krzysztof Makarski, 2017. "Could the boom-bust in the eurozone periphery have been prevented?," GRAPE Working Papers 17, GRAPE Group for Research in Applied Economics.
    4. Salim, DEHMEJ & Leonardo, GAMBACORTA, 2017. "Macroprudential Policy in a Monetary Union," Document de travail 2017-4, Bank Al-Maghrib, Département de la Recherche.
    5. Pierre-Richard Agénor & Pengfei Jia, 2017. "Macroprudential Policy Coordination in a Currency Union'," Centre for Growth and Business Cycle Research Discussion Paper Series 235, Economics, The Univeristy of Manchester.
    6. Dmitriy Sergeyev, 2016. "Optimal Macroprudential and Monetary Policy in a Currency Union," 2016 Meeting Papers 463, Society for Economic Dynamics.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Macroprudential; Housing market; LTV; monetary union; Â…nancial stability;

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