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Nonlinearity and Structural Change in Interest Rate Reaction Functions for the US, UK and Germany

  • M Kesriyeli
  • D R Osborn
  • M Sensier

This paper analyses monthly values of the short-term interest rate for the US, the UK and Germany since the early 1980s in the context of possible nonlinearities and changes over time in the interest rate response to the output gap, inflation, past interest rate changes and external variables (world commodity prices and the real exchange rate). The statistical models used are of the smooth transition class, with very substantial evidence of nonlinearity and/or parameter instability uncovered in the interest rate reaction functions for all three countries. These effects are primarily associated with time and changes in interest rates, with different coefficients applying when interest rates are increasing versus when they are decreasing. The reaction function coefficients for both the US and UK are also found to change during the 1980s.

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Paper provided by Economics, The Univeristy of Manchester in its series Centre for Growth and Business Cycle Research Discussion Paper Series with number 44.

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Length: 31 pages
Date of creation: 2004
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:man:cgbcrp:44
Contact details of provider: Postal: Manchester M13 9PL
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  7. Gerlach, Stefan & Schnabel, Gert, 1999. "The Taylor Rule and Interest Rates in the EMU Area," CEPR Discussion Papers 2271, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  8. Richard H. Clarida & Mark Gertler, 1997. "How the Bundesbank Conducts Monetary Policy," NBER Chapters, in: Reducing Inflation: Motivation and Strategy, pages 363-412 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
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  12. Sensier, Marianne & Osborn, Denise R & Ocal, Nadir, 2002. " Asymmetric Interest Rate Effects for the UK Real Economy," Oxford Bulletin of Economics and Statistics, Department of Economics, University of Oxford, vol. 64(4), pages 315-39, September.
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