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Gender inequality in education: Political institutions or culture and religion?

  • Arusha Cooray


    (School of Economics, University of Wollongong)

  • Niklas Potrafke


    (Department of Economics, University of Konstanz, Germany)

We investigate empirically whether political institutions or culture and religion underlie gender inequality in education. The dataset contains up to 157 countries over the 1991-2006 period. The results indicate that political institutions do not significantly influence education of girls: autocratic regimes do not discriminate against girls in denying educational opportunities and democracies do not discriminate by gender when providing educational opportunities. The primary influences on gender inequality in education are culture and religion. Discrimination against girls is especially pronounced in Muslim dominated countries.

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Paper provided by Department of Economics, University of Konstanz in its series Working Paper Series of the Department of Economics, University of Konstanz with number 2010-01.

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Length: 31 pages
Date of creation: 13 Jul 2010
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:knz:dpteco:1001
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