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Finance and economic growth: financing structure and non-linear impact

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Abstract

There is growing evidence that the impact of financial development on economic growth might be non-linear and hump-shaped, exhibiting a turning point. However, such findings are typically established using total finances (mostly: credit), and the apparent non-linear impact of totals can stem from a substantial structural change in the composition of finances, that has been taking place during the recent decades. Though there are some studies going beyond total finances, they usually look at the impact of certain financing components separately or using ratios, which may bias the estimation and lead to incorrect conclusions. Finally, the findings are typically based on a global pool of countries, and may be driven by a developing versus developed country differential. Focusing on groups of high-income countries (from the OECD, EU, and EMU), this study shows that the finding of a non-linear, hump-shaped impact of financing on economic growth is robust to controlling for financing composition in terms of the sources (bank credit, debt securities, stock market) and the recipients of finances (households, non-financial and financial corporations), or both. In particular, we obtain the following results. (1) The non-linear impact of total bank credit is more pronounced than that of either household credit alone, or the sum of bank credit, debt securities, and stock market financing. (2) Credit to non-financial corporations tends to have a positive, while credit to households a negative impact on growth, even after allowing for non-linearities. (3) Debt-securities and stock market-based financing have a different impact on growth. (4) The estimated turning point of the non-linear relationship is close to that found by Cournède and Denk (2015) for the OECD countries, and lower than that established by Arcand et al. (2015) for a broad set of countries.

Suggested Citation

  • Benczur, Peter & Karagiannis, Stylianos & Kvedaras, Virmantas, 2017. "Finance and economic growth: financing structure and non-linear impact," Working Papers 2017-07, Joint Research Centre, European Commission (Ispra site).
  • Handle: RePEc:jrs:wpaper:201707
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    2. Cristian Valeriu Paun & Radu Cristian Musetescu & Vladimir Mihai Topan & Dan Constantin Danuletiu, 2019. "The Impact of Financial Sector Development and Sophistication on Sustainable Economic Growth," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 11(6), pages 1-21, March.
    3. Péter Benczúr & Virmantas Kvedaras, 2021. "Nonlinear impact of financial deepening on income inequality," Empirical Economics, Springer, vol. 60(4), pages 1939-1967, April.
    4. Kvedaras, Virmantas, 2017. "Income inequality and private bank credit in developed economies," Working Papers 2017-06, Joint Research Centre, European Commission (Ispra site).
    5. Giorgio Fagiolo & Daniele Giachini & Andrea Roventini, 2017. "Innovation, Finance, and Economic Growth : an agent-based model," Sciences Po publications info:hdl:2441/1fai9i49vu8, Sciences Po.
    6. Kirikkaleli, Dervis & Athari, Seyed Alireza, 2020. "Time-frequency co-movements between bank credit supply and economic growth in an emerging market: Does the bank ownership structure matter?," The North American Journal of Economics and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 54(C).
    7. Fajeau, Maxime, 2021. "Too much finance or too many weak instruments?," International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 165(C), pages 14-36.
    8. Pradhan, Rudra & Arvin, Mak & Norman, Neville & Bahmani, Sahar, 2020. "The dynamics of bondmarket development, stockmarket development and economic growth: Evidence from the G-20 countries," Journal of Economics, Finance and Administrative Science, Universidad ESAN, vol. 25(49), pages 119-147.
    9. Abdul Rahman & Muhammad Arshad Khan & Lanouar Charfeddine, 2020. "Does Financial Sector Promote Economic Growth in Pakistan? Empirical Evidences From Markov Switching Model," SAGE Open, , vol. 10(4), pages 21582440209, October.
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    financial development; economic growth; finance-growth nexus; non-linearity; bank credit; debt securities; stock markets;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • E44 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Money and Interest Rates - - - Financial Markets and the Macroeconomy
    • G2 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services
    • O4 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Growth and Aggregate Productivity

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