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Employment and Hours over the Business Cycle in a Model with Search Frictions

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  • Kudoh, Noritaka

    (Hokkaido University)

  • Miyamoto, Hiroaki

    (University of Tokyo)

  • Sasaki, Masaru

    (Osaka University)

Abstract

This paper studies a labor market search-matching model with multi-worker firms to investigate how firms utilize the extensive and intensive margins over the business cycle. The earnings function derived from the Stole-Zwiebel bargaining acts as an adjustment cost function for employment and hours. We calibrate the model to match the Japanese labor market, in which the intensive margin accounts for 79% of the variations in total working hours. The model replicates the observed cyclical behavior of hours of work, but fails to generate employment volatility of realistic magnitude. Additional penalties for longer hours of work do not resolve this issue. Wage rigidity and persistent shocks are promising lines of further investigations.

Suggested Citation

  • Kudoh, Noritaka & Miyamoto, Hiroaki & Sasaki, Masaru, 2015. "Employment and Hours over the Business Cycle in a Model with Search Frictions," IZA Discussion Papers 8946, Institute of Labor Economics (IZA).
  • Handle: RePEc:iza:izadps:dp8946
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    Cited by:

    1. Chun-Hung Kuo & Hiroaki Miyamoto, 2016. "Unemployment and Wage Rigidity in Japan: A DSGE Model Perspective," Working Papers EMS_2016_06, Research Institute, International University of Japan.
    2. Marco Jacopo Lombardi & Marianna Riggi & Eliana Viviano, 2020. "Bargaining power and the Phillips curve: a micro-macro analysis," BIS Working Papers 903, Bank for International Settlements.
    3. Olivier Charlot & Idriss Fontaine & Thepthida Sopraseuth, 2019. "Employment Fluctuations, Job Polarization and Non-Standard Work: Evidence from France and the US," THEMA Working Papers 2019-14, THEMA (THéorie Economique, Modélisation et Applications), Université de Cergy-Pontoise.
    4. Dossche, Maarten & Lewis, Vivien & Poilly, Céline, 2019. "Employment, hours and the welfare effects of intra-firm bargaining," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 104(C), pages 67-84.
    5. Kosho Tanaka, 2018. "Technological progress, firm selection, and unemployment," Economics Bulletin, AccessEcon, vol. 38(1), pages 431-442.
    6. NI Bin & KATO Hayato & LIU Yang, 2020. "Does It Matter Where You Invest? The Impact of FDI on Domestic Job Creation and Destruction," Discussion papers 20008, Research Institute of Economy, Trade and Industry (RIETI).
    7. Kim, Jiwoon, 2021. "Wage negotiations in multi-worker firms and stochastic bargaining powers of existing workers," Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control, Elsevier, vol. 123(C).
    8. Budrys, Žymantas & Porqueddu, Mario & Sokol, Andrej, 2021. "Striking a bargain: narrative identification of wage bargaining shocks," Working Paper Series 2602, European Central Bank.
    9. Hashimoto, Ken-ichi & Ono, Yoshiyasu & Schlegl, Matthias, 2020. "Structural unemployment, underemployment, and secular stagnation," ISER Discussion Paper 1088r, Institute of Social and Economic Research, Osaka University, revised Mar 2021.
    10. Hiroaki Miyamoto, 2016. "Uncertainty shocks and labor market dynamics in Japan," Working Papers SDES-2016-8, Kochi University of Technology, School of Economics and Management, revised Jun 2016.
    11. Miyamoto Hiroaki, 2016. "Growth and non-regular employment," The B.E. Journal of Macroeconomics, De Gruyter, vol. 16(2), pages 523-554, June.
    12. Ken-ichi Hashimoto & Yoshiyasu Ono & Matthias Schlegl, 2020. "Structural Unemployment, Underemployment, and Secular Stagnation," CESifo Working Paper Series 8318, CESifo.
    13. Etienne Lalé, 2019. "Search and Multiple Jobholding," Upjohn Working Papers 19-305, W.E. Upjohn Institute for Employment Research.
    14. Noritaka Kudoh & Hiroaki Miyamoto, 2021. "General Equilibrium Effects and Labor Market Fluctuations," Working Papers SDES-2021-4, Kochi University of Technology, School of Economics and Management, revised May 2021.
    15. Del Rey, Elena & Naval, Joaquín & Silva, José I., 2022. "Hours and Wages: A Bargaining Approach," MPRA Paper 112349, University Library of Munich, Germany.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    multi-worker firms; search; hours of work; business cycles;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • E32 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Prices, Business Fluctuations, and Cycles - - - Business Fluctuations; Cycles
    • J20 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - General
    • J64 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Mobility, Unemployment, Vacancies, and Immigrant Workers - - - Unemployment: Models, Duration, Incidence, and Job Search

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