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The Productivity of Working Hours

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  • Pencavel, John

    (Stanford University)

Abstract

Observations on munition workers, most of them women, are organized to examine the relationship between their output and their working hours. The relationship is nonlinear: below an hours threshold, output is proportional to hours; above a threshold, output rises at a decreasing rate as hours increase. Implications of these results for the estimation of labor supply functions are taken up. The findings also link up with current research on the effects of long working hours on accidents and injuries.

Suggested Citation

  • Pencavel, John, 2014. "The Productivity of Working Hours," IZA Discussion Papers 8129, Institute of Labor Economics (IZA).
  • Handle: RePEc:iza:izadps:dp8129
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

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    2. Cyprien Batut & Andrea Garnero & Alessandro Tondini, 2022. "The Employment Effects of Working Time Reductions: Sector-Level Evidence from European Reforms," FBK-IRVAPP Working Papers 2022-04, Research Institute for the Evaluation of Public Policies (IRVAPP), Bruno Kessler Foundation.
    3. Noritaka Kudoh & Hiroaki Miyamoto & Masaru Sasaki, 2019. "Employment and Hours over the Business Cycle in a Model with Search Frictions," Review of Economic Dynamics, Elsevier for the Society for Economic Dynamics, vol. 31, pages 436-461, January.
    4. Michael C. Burda & Katie Genadek & Daniel S. Hamermesh, 2015. "Not Working at Work: Loafing, Unemployment and Labor Productivity," SFB 649 Discussion Papers SFB649DP2015-033, Sonderforschungsbereich 649, Humboldt University, Berlin, Germany.
    5. Bastian Kordyaka & Mario Lackner & Hendrik Sonnabend, 2022. "Can too many cooks spoil the broth? Coordination costs, fatigue, and performance in high‐intensity tasks," Southern Economic Journal, John Wiley & Sons, vol. 88(3), pages 1065-1085, January.
    6. King, Lewis C. & van den Bergh, Jeroen C.J.M., 2017. "Worktime Reduction as a Solution to Climate Change: Five Scenarios Compared for the UK," Ecological Economics, Elsevier, vol. 132(C), pages 124-134.
    7. Jeunet, Jully & Bou Orm, Mayassa, 2020. "Optimizing temporary work and overtime in the Time Cost Quality Trade-off Problem," European Journal of Operational Research, Elsevier, vol. 284(2), pages 743-761.
    8. Oriana Bandiera & Renata Lemos & Andrea Prat & Raffaella Sadun, 2018. "Managing the Family Firm: Evidence from CEOs at Work," Review of Financial Studies, Society for Financial Studies, vol. 31(5), pages 1605-1653.
    9. Zwickl, Klara & Disslbacher, Franziska & Stagl, Sigrid, 2016. "Work-sharing for a sustainable economy," Ecological Economics, Elsevier, vol. 121(C), pages 246-253.
    10. Klara Zwickl & Franziska Disslbacher & Sigrid Stagl, 2016. "Work-sharing for a Sustainable Economy. WWWforEurope Working Paper No. 111," WIFO Studies, WIFO, number 58684.
    11. Eden,Maya, 2016. "The week," Policy Research Working Paper Series 7598, The World Bank.
    12. Burda, Michael C & Genadek, Katie R. & Hamermesh, Daniel S., 2017. "Non-Work at Work, Unemployment and Labor Productivity," CEPR Discussion Papers 12087, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
    13. Marta C.Lopes & Alessandro Tondini, 2022. "Firm-Level Effects of Reductions in Working Hours," FBK-IRVAPP Working Papers 2022-05, Research Institute for the Evaluation of Public Policies (IRVAPP), Bruno Kessler Foundation.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    productivity; output; working hours; women workers;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • J24 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Human Capital; Skills; Occupational Choice; Labor Productivity
    • J22 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Time Allocation and Labor Supply
    • N34 - Economic History - - Labor and Consumers, Demography, Education, Health, Welfare, Income, Wealth, Religion, and Philanthropy - - - Europe: 1913-

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