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The Impact of Internal Displacement on Destination Communities: Evidence from the Colombian Conflict

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  • Juan S. Morales

    (Department of Economics, University of Toronto)

Abstract

More than ten percent of the population of Colombia has been forced to migrate due to civil war. This study employs an enclave IV strategy, which exploits social distance between origin and destination locations, as well as conflict induced migration, to estimate the impact that the arrival of displaced individuals has on local residents. I compare the effects on four different subgroups of the population, partitioned by skill (low-skilled versus high-skilled) and by gender. The analysis suggests that a conflict-induced increase in population leads to a short-run negative impact on wages. Though the impact tends to dissipate over time, it persists for one group, low-skilled women. The arrival of internally displaced people also affects local access to public goods, I find a negative effect on access to piped water, and a positive effect on access to trash collection services.

Suggested Citation

  • Juan S. Morales, 2016. "The Impact of Internal Displacement on Destination Communities: Evidence from the Colombian Conflict," HiCN Working Papers 209, Households in Conflict Network.
  • Handle: RePEc:hic:wpaper:209
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    Cited by:

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    2. M. Christian Lehmann, 2019. "How many refugees should the US admit?," Economics Bulletin, AccessEcon, vol. 39(3), pages 2117-2121.
    3. Aysun Aygun & Murat Guray Kirdar & Berna Tuncay, 2020. "The Effect of Hosting 3.4 Million Refugees on the Health System in Turkey and Infant, Child, and Elderly Mortality among Natives," Koç University-TUSIAD Economic Research Forum Working Papers 2014, Koc University-TUSIAD Economic Research Forum.
    4. Depetris-Chauvin, Emilio & Santos, Rafael J., 2018. "Unexpected guests: The impact of internal displacement inflows on rental prices in Colombian host cities," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 134(C), pages 289-309.
    5. Martin-Shields, Charles & Camacho, Sonia & Taborda, Rodrigo & Ruhe, Constantin, 2019. "Digitalisation in the lives of urban migrants: Evidence from Bogota," Discussion Papers 12/2019, German Development Institute / Deutsches Institut für Entwicklungspolitik (DIE).
    6. Franz Hamann & Cesar Anzola & Oscar Avila-Montealegre & Juan Carlos Castro-Fernandez & Anderson Grajales-Olarte & Alexander Guarín & Juan C Mendez-Vizcaino & Juan J. Ospina-Tejeiro & Mario A. Ramos-Ve, 2021. "Monetary Policy Response to a Migration Shock: An Analysis for a Small Open Economy," Borradores de Economia 1153, Banco de la Republica de Colombia.
    7. Julian Martinez-Correa & Leonardo Peñaloza Pacheco & Leonardo Gasparini, 2020. "Latin American Brotherhood? Immigration and Preferences for Redistribution," CEDLAS, Working Papers 0268, CEDLAS, Universidad Nacional de La Plata.
    8. Verme, Paolo & Schuettler, Kirsten, 2021. "The impact of forced displacement on host communities: A review of the empirical literature in economics," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 150(C).
    9. Aracı, Doğu Tan & Demirci, Murat & Kirdar, Murat G., 2021. "Development Level of Hosting Areas and the Impact of Refugees on Natives' Labor Market Outcomes," IZA Discussion Papers 14267, Institute of Labor Economics (IZA).
    10. Loaiza Quintero, Osmar Leandro & Muñetón Santa, Guberney & Vanegas, Juan Gabriel, 2018. "Forced displacement and Multidimensional Poverty in Antioquia, Colombia: an assessment by means of a Seemingly Unrelated Regression," INVESTIGACIONES REGIONALES - Journal of REGIONAL RESEARCH, Asociación Española de Ciencia Regional, issue 41, pages 167-190.
    11. Becker, Sascha O. & Ferrara, Andreas, 2019. "Consequences of forced migration: A survey of recent findings," Labour Economics, Elsevier, vol. 59(C), pages 1-16.
    12. Noumedem Temgoua,Claudia & Sharma,Dhiraj & Wai-Poi,Matthew Grant, 2020. "Multidimensional Poverty Assessment of Internally Displaced Persons in Iraq," Policy Research Working Paper Series 9203, The World Bank.
    13. Leonardo Bonilla-Mejía & Leonardo Fabio Morales & Didier Hermida-Giraldo & Luz A. Flórez, 2020. "El mercado laboral de los inmigrantes y no inmigrantes. Evidencia de la crisis venezolana de refugiados," Borradores de Economia 1119, Banco de la Republica de Colombia.
    14. d’Errico, Marco & Mariani, Rama Dasi & Pietrelli, Rebecca & Rosati, Furio Camillo, 2021. "Refugee-host proximity and market creation in Uganda," ESA Working Papers 309466, Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, Agricultural Development Economics Division (ESA).
    15. Morgan Raux, 2021. "Looking for the “Best and Brightest": Hiring difficulties and high-skilled foreign workers," DEM Discussion Paper Series 20-05, Department of Economics at the University of Luxembourg.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    civil conflict; migration; labour markets; public goods;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • H41 - Public Economics - - Publicly Provided Goods - - - Public Goods
    • J40 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Particular Labor Markets - - - General
    • J61 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Mobility, Unemployment, Vacancies, and Immigrant Workers - - - Geographic Labor Mobility; Immigrant Workers
    • O15 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Economic Development: Human Resources; Human Development; Income Distribution; Migration
    • R23 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - Household Analysis - - - Regional Migration; Regional Labor Markets; Population

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