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Banking and backloading emission permits


  • Corinne Chaton

    (EDF R&D - EDF R&D - EDF - EDF, CABREE - Centre for Applied Business Research in Energy and the Environment)

  • Anna Créti

    (X-DEP-ECO - Département d'Économie de l'École Polytechnique - X - École polytechnique)

  • Benoit Peluchon

    (EDF R&D - EDF R&D - EDF - EDF)


In this article we focus on carbon price dynamics, more speci cally the impact of a policy envisaged by the European Commission to increase the CO2 price. This policy consists of removing a share of the allowances allocated for a period in order to reallocate some or all of them during the following period. To analyze the impact of this backloading we determine the CO2 market equilibrium with and without the policy, considering not only the market for permits but also the output market of regulated sectors. We propose a two-period model without uncertainty, where the market for permits is perfectly competitive, and the output market can be either com- petitive or oligopolistic. First, we de ne the condition for which banking from one period to another is optimal. This condition, that is the absence of arbitrage opportunities (AOA), depends on not only from the per period initial allocation but also on production market fundamentals. When this condition is satisfi ed, the market for emission is shown intertemporally efficient. Second, we show that the "back-loading"policy may be such that theAOA is no longer veri ed and thus create inefficiencies or being ineffective.

Suggested Citation

  • Corinne Chaton & Anna Créti & Benoit Peluchon, 2013. "Banking and backloading emission permits," Working Papers hal-00915944, HAL.
  • Handle: RePEc:hal:wpaper:hal-00915944
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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Kling, Catherine & Rubin, Jonathan, 1997. "Bankable permits for the control of environmental pollution," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 64(1), pages 101-115, April.
    2. Schennach, Susanne M., 2000. "The Economics of Pollution Permit Banking in the Context of Title IV of the 1990 Clean Air Act Amendments," Journal of Environmental Economics and Management, Elsevier, vol. 40(3), pages 189-210, November.
    3. Cronshaw, Mark B & Brown-Kruse, Jamie, 1996. "Regulated Firms in Pollution Permit Markets with Banking," Journal of Regulatory Economics, Springer, vol. 9(2), pages 179-189, March.
    4. Juri Hinz & Alex Novikov, 2009. "On Fair Pricing of Emission-Related Derivatives," Research Paper Series 257, Quantitative Finance Research Centre, University of Technology, Sydney.
    5. Rubin, Jonathan D., 1996. "A Model of Intertemporal Emission Trading, Banking, and Borrowing," Journal of Environmental Economics and Management, Elsevier, vol. 31(3), pages 269-286, November.
    6. Beat Hintermann, 2009. "Market Power and Windfall Profits in Emission Permit Markets," CEPE Working paper series 09-62, CEPE Center for Energy Policy and Economics, ETH Zurich.
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    More about this item


    ETS reform; CO2 prices; banking; backloading; ETS reform.;

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