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Financial Development, Bank Efficiency and Economic Growth across the Mediterranean


  • Ayadi, Rym
  • Arbak, Emrah
  • Ben-Naceur, Sami
  • De Groen, Willem Pieter


This MEDPRO Technical Report explores the relationship between financial sector development and economic growth, using a sample of northern and southern Mediterranean countries for the years 1985-2009. The authors included several variables to measure the development of the financial sector to account both for quantity and quality effects. The results indicate that credit to the private sector and bank deposits are negatively associated with growth, which confirms deficiencies in credit allocation in the region and suggests weak financial regulation and supervision. On the stock market side, the results seem to indicate that stock market size and liquidity play a significant role in growth, especially when accounting for the quality of an institution. Investment, whether domestic or in the form of FDI, contributes significantly to economic growth. Stronger institutions and low inflation are key growth factors. Initial GDP has a persistently and significantly negative impact on growth, which implies that poorer countries are catching up richer countries in terms of economic growth.

Suggested Citation

  • Ayadi, Rym & Arbak, Emrah & Ben-Naceur, Sami & De Groen, Willem Pieter, 2013. "Financial Development, Bank Efficiency and Economic Growth across the Mediterranean," CEPS Papers 7832, Centre for European Policy Studies.
  • Handle: RePEc:eps:cepswp:7832

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    References listed on IDEAS

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    2. Cândida Ferreira, 2017. "Financial Crisis, banking sector performance and economic growth in the European Union," Working Papers REM 2017/08, ISEG - Lisbon School of Economics and Management, REM, Universidade de Lisboa.
    3. Ayadi, Rym, 2013. "Financial Sector Development and Integration in the Southern and Eastern Mediterranean: Towards a long-term sustainable transition," CEPS Papers 7936, Centre for European Policy Studies.
    4. Cândida Ferreira, 2015. "The relevance of the EU banking sector to economic growth and the recent financial crisis," Working Papers Department of Economics 2015/02, ISEG - Lisbon School of Economics and Management, Department of Economics, Universidade de Lisboa.
    5. Ines TROJETTE, 2016. "The Effect Of Foreign Direct Investment On Economic Growth: The Institutional Threshold," Region et Developpement, Region et Developpement, LEAD, Universite du Sud - Toulon Var, vol. 43, pages 111-138.
    6. Takawira Tyavambiza & Davis Nyangara, 2015. "Financial and Monetary Reforms and the Finance-Growth Relationship in Zimbabwe," International Journal of Economics and Financial Issues, Econjournals, vol. 5(2), pages 590-602.
    7. repec:kap:iaecre:v:23:y:2017:i:2:d:10.1007_s11294-017-9632-1 is not listed on IDEAS
    8. Lucian-Liviu Albu, 2016. "Modelling of the relation between financial market and growth in EU: convergence and behavioural regimes," EcoMod2016 9694, EcoMod.
    9. Javed AHMED & Malik Fahim BASHIR, 2016. "An empirical investigation of banking sector development and economic growth in a panel of selected SAARC countries," Theoretical and Applied Economics, Asociatia Generala a Economistilor din Romania - AGER, vol. 0(2(607), S), pages 65-72, Summer.
    10. Leyla Yusifzada & Aytan Mammadova, 2015. "Financial intermediation and economic growth," William Davidson Institute Working Papers Series wp1091, William Davidson Institute at the University of Michigan.
    11. Cândida Ferreira, 2013. "Bank performance and economic growth: evidence from Granger panel causality estimations," Working Papers Department of Economics 2013/21, ISEG - Lisbon School of Economics and Management, Department of Economics, Universidade de Lisboa.

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